↑Mein Glaubensbekenntnis (1932년 8월): "I do not believe in free will. Schopenhauer's words: 'Man can do what he wants, but he cannot will what he wants,[Der Mensch kann wohl tun, was er will, aber er kann nicht wollen, was er will]' accompany me in all situations throughout my life and reconcile me with the actions of others, even if they are rather painful to me. This awareness of the lack of free will keeps me from taking myself and my fellow men too seriously as acting and deciding individuals, and from losing my temper." Schopenhauer's clearer, actual words were: "You can do what you will, but in any given moment of your life you can will only one definite thing and absolutely nothing other than that one thing." [Du kannst tun was du willst: aber du kannst in jedem gegebenen Augenblick deines Lebens nur ein Bestimmtes wollen und schlechterdings nichts anderes als dieses eine.] On the Freedom of the Will, Ch. II.
↑Arthur Schopenhauer, The World as Will and Representation, Vol. 1, trans. E. Payne, (뉴욕: Dover Publishing Inc., 1969), 3.
↑Arthur Schopenhauer, The World as Will and Representation, Vol. 1, trans. E. Payne, (New York: Dover Publishing Inc., 1969), 4.
↑(2009) David A. Leeming, Kathryn Madden, Stanton Marlan: 《Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion, Volume 2》. Springer, 824쪽. ISBN 978-0-387-71801-9. 2010년 9월 2일에 확인. “A more accurate statement might be that for a German – rather than a French or British writer of that time – Schopenhauer was an honest and open atheist.”
↑Raymond B. Marcin (2006). 《In Search of Schopenhauer's Cat: Arthur Schopenhauer's Quantum-Mystical Theory of Justice》. CUA Press, 122쪽. ISBN 978-0-8132-1430-6. 2012년 9월 2일에 확인. “It is easy to find many of the underpinnings of Schopenhauer's doctrine of the denial of the will to live in the Theologia Germanica, but only if one is willing to gainsay the anonymous author's theism and Schopenhauer's atheism.”
↑(2007) Dale Jacquette: 《Schopenhauer, Philosophy and the Arts》. Cambridge University Press, 22쪽. ISBN 978-0-521-04406-6. 2012년 9월 2일에 확인. “For Kant, the mathematical sublime, as seen for example in the starry heavens, suggests to imagination the infinite, which in turn leads by subtle turns of contemplation to the concept of God. Schopenhauer's atheism will have none of this, and he rightly observes that despite adopting Kant's distinction between the dynamical and mathematical sublime, his theory of the sublime, making reference to the struggles and sufferings of struggles and sufferings of Will, is unlike Kant's.”
↑B. R. Hergenhahn (2009). 《An Introduction to the History of Psychology》, 6th, Cengage Learning, 216쪽. ISBN 978-0-495-50621-8. 2012년 9월 2일에 확인. “Although Schopenhauer was an atheist, he realized that his philosophy of denial had been part of several great religions; for example, Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism.”
↑Arthur Schopenhauer, The World as Will and Representation, Vol. 1, trans. E. Payne, (New York: Dover Publishing Inc., 1969), table of contents.