아카데미 감독상

위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사전.
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아카데미 감독상(Academy Award for Best Director)은 아카데미상의 부문 중 하나로, 그 해 미국에서 공개된 영화에서 가장 뛰어난 영화 감독에게 수여된다.

수상자와 후보자[편집]

1920s[편집]

년도 Winner
film
Nominated
1927/28 (Dramatic) Frank Borzage
 – 7th Heaven
Herbert BrenonSorrell and Son
King VidorThe Crowd
1927/28 (Comedy) Lewis Milestone
 – Two Arabian Knights
Ted WildeSpeedy
1928/29 Frank Lloyd
 – The Divine Lady
Lionel BarrymoreMadame X
Harry BeaumontThe Broadway Melody
Irving CummingsIn Old Arizona
Frank Lloyd - Drag and Weary River
Ernst LubitschThe Patriot
1929/30 Lewis Milestone
 – All Quiet on the Western Front
Clarence BrownAnna Christie and Romance
Robert Z. LeonardThe Divorcée
Ernst LubitschThe Love Parade
King VidorHallelujah

1930s[편집]

Year Winner
film
Nominated
1930/31 Norman Taurog
 – Skippy
Clarence BrownA Free Soul
Lewis MilestoneThe Front Page
Wesley RugglesCimarron
Josef von SternbergMorocco
1931/32 Frank Borzage
 – Bad Girl
King VidorThe Champ
Josef von SternbergShanghai Express
1932/33 Frank Lloyd
 – Cavalcade
Frank CapraLady for a Day
George CukorLittle Women

(The Academy also announced that Capra came in second, and Cukor last.)

1934 Frank Capra
 – It Happened One Night
Victor SchertzingerOne Night of Love
W. S. Van DykeThe Thin Man

(The Academy also announced that Van Dyke came in second, and Schertzinger last.)

1935 John Ford
 – The Informer
Henry HathawayThe Lives of a Bengal Lancer
Frank LloydMutiny on the Bounty

(The Academy also announced that write-in candidate Michael Curtiz, for Captain Blood, came in second, and Hathaway third.)

1936 Frank Capra
 – Mr. Deeds Goes to Town
Gregory La CavaMy Man Godfrey
Robert Z. LeonardThe Great Ziegfeld
W. S. Van DykeSan Francisco
William WylerDodsworth
1937 Leo McCarey
 – The Awful Truth
William DieterleThe Life of Émile Zola
Sidney FranklinThe Good Earth
Gregory La CavaStage Door
William A. WellmanA Star Is Born
1938 Frank Capra
 – You Can't Take It With You
Michael CurtizAngels with Dirty Faces
Michael CurtizFour Daughters
Norman TaurogBoys Town
King VidorThe Citadel
1939 Victor Fleming
 – Gone with the Wind
Frank CapraMr. Smith Goes to Washington
John FordStagecoach
Sam WoodGoodbye, Mr. Chips
William WylerWuthering Heights

1940s[편집]

Year Winner
film
Nominated
1940 John Ford
 – The Grapes of Wrath
George CukorThe Philadelphia Story
Alfred HitchcockRebecca
Sam WoodKitty Foyle
William WylerThe Letter
1941 John Ford
 – How Green Was My Valley
Alexander HallHere Comes Mr. Jordan
Howard HawksSergeant York
Orson WellesCitizen Kane
William WylerThe Little Foxes
1942 William Wyler
 – Mrs. Miniver
Michael CurtizYankee Doodle Dandy
John FarrowWake Island
Mervyn LeRoyRandom Harvest
Sam WoodKings Row
1943 Michael Curtiz
 – Casablanca
Clarence BrownThe Human Comedy
Henry KingThe Song of Bernadette
Ernst LubitschHeaven Can Wait
George StevensThe More the Merrier
1944 Leo McCarey
 – Going My Way
Alfred HitchcockLifeboat
Henry KingWilson
Otto PremingerLaura
Billy WilderDouble Indemnity
1945 Billy Wilder
 – The Lost Weekend
Clarence BrownNational Velvet
Alfred HitchcockSpellbound
Leo McCareyThe Bells of St. Mary's
Jean RenoirThe Southerner
1946 William Wyler
 – The Best Years of Our Lives
Clarence BrownThe Yearling
Frank CapraIt's a Wonderful Life
David LeanBrief Encounter
Robert SiodmakThe Killers
1947 Elia Kazan
 – Gentleman's Agreement
George CukorA Double Life
Edward DmytrykCrossfire
Henry KosterThe Bishop's Wife
David LeanGreat Expectations
1948 John Huston
 – The Treasure of the Sierra Madre
Anatole LitvakThe Snake Pit
Jean NegulescoJohnny Belinda
Laurence OlivierHamlet
Fred ZinnemannThe Search
1949 Joseph L. Mankiewicz
 – A Letter to Three Wives
Carol ReedThe Fallen Idol
Robert RossenAll the King's Men
William A. WellmanBattleground
William WylerThe Heiress

1950s[편집]

Year Winner
film
Nominated
1950 Joseph L. Mankiewicz
 – All About Eve
George CukorBorn Yesterday
John HustonThe Asphalt Jungle
Carol ReedThe Third Man
Billy WilderSunset Boulevard
1951 George Stevens
 – A Place in the Sun
John HustonThe African Queen
Elia KazanA Streetcar Named Desire
Vincente MinnelliAn American in Paris
William WylerDetective Story
1952 John Ford
 – The Quiet Man
Cecil B. DeMilleThe Greatest Show on Earth
John HustonMoulin Rouge
Joseph L. Mankiewicz5 Fingers
Fred ZinnemannHigh Noon
1953 Fred Zinnemann
 – From Here to Eternity
George StevensShane
Charles WaltersLili
Billy WilderStalag 17
William WylerRoman Holiday
1954 Elia Kazan
 – On the Waterfront
Alfred HitchcockRear Window
George SeatonThe Country Girl
William A. WellmanThe High and the Mighty
Billy WilderSabrina
1955 Delbert Mann
 – Marty
Elia KazanEast of Eden
David LeanSummertime
Joshua LoganPicnic
John SturgesBad Day at Black Rock
1956 George Stevens
 – Giant
Michael AndersonAround the World in 80 Days
Walter LangThe King and I
King VidorWar and Peace
William WylerFriendly Persuasion
1957 David Lean
 – The Bridge on the River Kwai
Joshua LoganSayonara
Sidney Lumet12 Angry Men
Mark RobsonPeyton Place
Billy WilderWitness for the Prosecution
1958 Vincente Minnelli
 – Gigi
Richard BrooksCat on a Hot Tin Roof
Stanley KramerThe Defiant Ones
Mark RobsonThe Inn of the Sixth Happiness
Robert WiseI Want to Live!
1959 William Wyler
 – Ben-Hur
Jack ClaytonRoom at the Top
George StevensThe Diary of Anne Frank
Billy WilderSome Like It Hot
Fred ZinnemannThe Nun's Story

1960s[편집]

Year Winner
film
Nominated
1960 Billy Wilder
 – The Apartment
Jack CardiffSons and Lovers
Jules DassinNever on Sunday
Alfred HitchcockPsycho
Fred ZinnemannThe Sundowners
1961 Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins
 – West Side Story
Federico FelliniLa Dolce Vita
Stanley KramerJudgment at Nuremberg
Robert RossenThe Hustler
J. Lee ThompsonThe Guns of Navarone
1962 David Lean
 – Lawrence of Arabia
Pietro GermiDivorce, Italian Style
Robert MulliganTo Kill a Mockingbird
Arthur PennThe Miracle Worker
Frank PerryDavid and Lisa
1963 Tony Richardson
 – Tom Jones
Federico Fellini
Elia KazanAmerica, America
Otto PremingerThe Cardinal
Martin RittHud
1964 George Cukor
 – My Fair Lady
Michael CacoyannisZorba the Greek
Peter GlenvilleBecket
Stanley KubrickDr. Strangelove
Robert StevensonMary Poppins
1965 Robert Wise
 – The Sound of Music
David LeanDoctor Zhivago
John SchlesingerDarling
Hiroshi TeshigaharaThe Woman in the Dunes
William WylerThe Collector
1966 Fred Zinnemann
 – A Man for All Seasons
Michelangelo AntonioniBlowup
Richard BrooksThe Professionals
Claude LelouchA Man and a Woman
Mike NicholsWho's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
1967 Mike Nichols
 – The Graduate
Richard BrooksIn Cold Blood
Norman JewisonIn the Heat of the Night
Stanley KramerGuess Who's Coming to Dinner
Arthur PennBonnie and Clyde
1968 Carol Reed
 – Oliver!
Anthony HarveyThe Lion in Winter
Stanley Kubrick2001: A Space Odyssey
Gillo PontecorvoThe Battle of Algiers
Franco ZeffirelliRomeo and Juliet
1969 John Schlesinger
 – Midnight Cowboy
Costa GavrasZ
George Roy HillButch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
Arthur PennAlice's Restaurant
Sydney PollackThey Shoot Horses, Don't They?

1970s[편집]

Year Winner
film
Nominated
1970 Franklin J. Schaffner
 – Patton
Robert AltmanMASH
Federico FelliniSatyricon
Arthur HillerLove Story
Ken RussellWomen in Love
1971 William Friedkin
 – The French Connection
Peter BogdanovichThe Last Picture Show
Norman JewisonFiddler on the Roof
Stanley KubrickA Clockwork Orange
John SchlesingerSunday Bloody Sunday
1972 Bob Fosse
 – Cabaret
John BoormanDeliverance
Francis Ford CoppolaThe Godfather
Joseph L. MankiewiczSleuth
Jan TroellThe Emigrants
1973 George Roy Hill
 – The Sting
Ingmar BergmanCries and Whispers
Bernardo Bertolucci - Last Tango in Paris
William Friedkin - The Exorcist
George LucasAmerican Graffiti
1974 Francis Ford Coppola
 – The Godfather Part II
John CassavetesA Woman Under the Influence
Bob FosseLenny
Roman PolanskiChinatown
François TruffautDay for Night
1975 Miloš Forman
 – One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Robert AltmanNashville
Federico FelliniAmarcord
Stanley KubrickBarry Lyndon
Sidney LumetDog Day Afternoon
1976 John G. Avildsen
 – Rocky
Ingmar BergmanFace to Face
Sidney LumetNetwork
Alan J. PakulaAll the President's Men
Lina WertmüllerSeven Beauties
1977 Woody Allen
 – Annie Hall
George LucasStar Wars
Herbert RossThe Turning Point
Steven SpielbergClose Encounters of the Third Kind
Fred ZinnemannJulia
1978 Michael Cimino
 – The Deer Hunter
Woody AllenInteriors
Hal AshbyComing Home
Warren Beatty & Buck HenryHeaven Can Wait
Alan ParkerMidnight Express
1979 Robert Benton
 – Kramer vs. Kramer
Francis Ford CoppolaApocalypse Now
Bob FosseAll That Jazz
Édouard MolinaroLa Cage aux Folles
Peter YatesBreaking Away

1980s[편집]

Year Winner
film
Nominated
1980 Robert Redford
 – Ordinary People
David LynchThe Elephant Man
Roman PolanskiTess
Richard RushThe Stunt Man
Martin ScorseseRaging Bull
1981 Warren Beatty
 – Reds
Hugh HudsonChariots of Fire
Louis MalleAtlantic City
Mark RydellOn Golden Pond
Steven SpielbergRaiders of the Lost Ark
1982 Richard Attenborough
 – Gandhi
Sidney LumetThe Verdict
Wolfgang PetersenDas Boot
Sydney PollackTootsie
Steven SpielbergE.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
1983 James L. Brooks
 – Terms of Endearment
Bruce BeresfordTender Mercies
Ingmar BergmanFanny and Alexander
Mike NicholsSilkwood
Peter YatesThe Dresser
1984 Miloš Forman
 – Amadeus
Woody AllenBroadway Danny Rose
Robert BentonPlaces in the Heart
Roland JofféThe Killing Fields
David LeanA Passage to India
1985 Sydney Pollack
 – Out of Africa
Héctor BabencoKiss of the Spider Woman
John HustonPrizzi's Honor
Akira KurosawaRan
Peter WeirWitness
1986 Oliver Stone
 – Platoon
Woody AllenHannah and Her Sisters
James IvoryA Room with a View
Roland JofféThe Mission
David LynchBlue Velvet
1987 Bernardo Bertolucci
 – The Last Emperor
John BoormanHope and Glory
Lasse HallströmMy Life as a Dog
Norman JewisonMoonstruck
Adrian LyneFatal Attraction
1988 Barry Levinson
 – Rain Man
Charles CrichtonA Fish Called Wanda
Mike NicholsWorking Girl
Alan ParkerMississippi Burning
Martin ScorseseThe Last Temptation of Christ
1989 Oliver Stone
 – Born on the Fourth of July
Woody AllenCrimes and Misdemeanors
Kenneth BranaghHenry V
Jim SheridanMy Left Foot
Peter WeirDead Poets Society

1990s[편집]

Year Winner
film
Nominated
1990 Kevin Costner
 – Dances with Wolves
Francis Ford CoppolaThe Godfather Part III
Stephen FrearsThe Grifters
Barbet SchroederReversal of Fortune
Martin ScorseseGoodfellas
1991 Jonathan Demme
 – The Silence of the Lambs
Barry LevinsonBugsy
Ridley ScottThelma & Louise
John SingletonBoyz n the Hood
Oliver StoneJFK
1992 Clint Eastwood
 – Unforgiven
Robert AltmanThe Player
Martin BrestScent of a Woman
James IvoryHowards End
Neil JordanThe Crying Game
1993 Steven Spielberg
 – Schindler's List
Robert AltmanShort Cuts
Jane CampionThe Piano
James IvoryThe Remains of the Day
Jim SheridanIn the Name of the Father
1994 Robert Zemeckis
 – Forrest Gump
Woody AllenBullets over Broadway
Krzysztof KieślowskiThree Colors: Red
Robert RedfordQuiz Show
Quentin TarantinoPulp Fiction
1995 Mel Gibson
 – Braveheart
Mike FiggisLeaving Las Vegas
Chris NoonanBabe
Michael RadfordIl Postino: The Postman
Tim RobbinsDead Man Walking
1996 Anthony Minghella
 – The English Patient
Joel CoenFargo
Miloš FormanThe People vs. Larry Flynt
Scott HicksShine
Mike LeighSecrets & Lies
1997 James Cameron
 – Titanic
Peter CattaneoThe Full Monty
Atom EgoyanThe Sweet Hereafter
Curtis HansonL.A. Confidential
Gus Van SantGood Will Hunting
1998 Steven Spielberg
 – Saving Private Ryan
Roberto BenigniLife Is Beautiful
John MaddenShakespeare in Love
Terrence MalickThe Thin Red Line
Peter WeirThe Truman Show
1999 Sam Mendes
 – American Beauty
Lasse HallströmThe Cider House Rules
Spike JonzeBeing John Malkovich
Michael MannThe Insider
M. Night ShyamalanThe Sixth Sense

2000s[편집]

Year Winner
film
Nominated
2000 Steven Soderbergh
 – Traffic
Stephen DaldryBilly Elliot
Ang LeeCrouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Ridley ScottGladiator
Steven SoderberghErin Brockovich
2001 Ron Howard
 – A Beautiful Mind
Robert AltmanGosford Park
Peter JacksonThe Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring
David LynchMulholland Drive
Ridley ScottBlack Hawk Down
2002 Roman Polanski
 – The Pianist
Pedro AlmodóvarTalk to Her
Stephen DaldryThe Hours
Rob MarshallChicago
Martin ScorseseGangs of New York
2003 Peter Jackson
 – The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King
Sofia CoppolaLost in Translation
Clint EastwoodMystic River
Fernando MeirellesCity of God
Peter WeirMaster and Commander: The Far Side of the World
2004 Clint Eastwood
 – Million Dollar Baby
Taylor HackfordRay
Mike LeighVera Drake
Alexander PayneSideways
Martin ScorseseThe Aviator
2005 Ang Lee
 – Brokeback Mountain
George ClooneyGood Night, and Good Luck.
Paul HaggisCrash
Bennett MillerCapote
Steven SpielbergMunich
2006 Martin Scorsese
 – The Departed
Clint EastwoodLetters from Iwo Jima
Stephen FrearsThe Queen
Alejandro González IñárrituBabel
Paul GreengrassUnited 93
2007 Joel and Ethan Coen
 – No Country for Old Men
Paul Thomas AndersonThere Will Be Blood
Tony GilroyMichael Clayton
Jason ReitmanJuno
Julian SchnabelThe Diving Bell and the Butterfly
2008 Danny Boyle
 – Slumdog Millionaire
Stephen DaldryThe Reader
David FincherThe Curious Case of Benjamin Button
Ron HowardFrost/Nixon
Gus Van SantMilk
2009 Kathryn Bigelow
 – The Hurt Locker
James CameronAvatar
Lee DanielsPrecious
Jason ReitmanUp in the Air
Quentin TarantinoInglourious Basterds

2010s[편집]

Year Winner
film
Nominated
2010 Tom Hooper
 – The King's Speech
Darren AronofskyBlack Swan
Joel and Ethan CoenTrue Grit
David FincherThe Social Network
David O. RussellThe Fighter
2011 Michel Hazanavicius
 – The Artist
Woody AllenMidnight in Paris
Terrence MalickThe Tree of Life
Alexander PayneThe Descendants
Martin ScorseseHugo
2012 Ang Lee
 – Life of Pi
Michael HanekeAmour
David O. RussellSilver Linings Playbook
Steven SpielbergLincoln
Benh ZeitlinBeasts of the Southern Wild
2013 Alfonso Cuarón
 – Gravity
Steve McQueen12 Years a Slave
Alexander PayneNebraska
David O. RussellAmerican Hustle
Martin ScorseseThe Wolf of Wall Street