화점

위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사전.
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화점(花點)은 바둑 용어의 하나로, 바둑판 위의 특정한 위치를 가리킨다. 넓게는 4선과 10선의 모든 교차점을 말하며, 좁게는 귀에만 국한하여 4선의 교차점만을 말한다. 화점이란 이름은 옛 바둑판에서 화점 자리를 꽃 문양으로 표기한 데서 비롯한다. 현재 쓰이는 바둑판에서는 화점 자리를 ●로 표시한다.

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위 바둑판에서 흑돌이 있는 모든 자리가 화점으로, 4선들과 10선들의 교차점 9개이다. 이 중 4선과 4선의 교차점들(흑△로 표시)이 귀의 화점이고, 4선과 10선의 교차점들(흑□로 표시)이 변의 화점이다. 화점 중 10선과 10선의 교차점은 바둑판의 정 중앙으로, 천원이라고 부른다.

귀의 화점[편집]

귀의 화점은 소목, 고목, 외목 등과 함께 초반에 귀를 점거하고자 하는 목적으로 많이 착수된다. 삼삼 자리에 적이 들어오면 귀의 실리를 다 내줘야 하기 때문에 귀의 실리를 확보하는 데에는 약점이 있으나, 대신 세력을 쌓기에 유리하다.

굳힘[편집]

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화점에서 변으로 날일자 행마를 해 굳히는 날일자 굳힘이다. 이 수로도 삼삼(a)이 비어 있어 귀가 완전한 집이 되지 않는다. 상대는 a, b, c, d 등으로 귀를 견제할 수 있으며, 특히 a로 들어오면 귀의 실리를 전부 내주고 외곽에 세력을 쌓을 수밖에 없다.

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귀를 완전히 집으로 만들고 싶으면 2로 한 수 더 두어야 한다.

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마늘모 대신 양날일자인 위의 2로도 귀를 집으로 만들 수 있다. 3으로 쳐들어와도 4면 살 수 없다. 그러나 축머리 문제가 있는 등, 뒷맛이 나빠 거의 사용되지 않는다.

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화점에서 변으로 한 칸 한칸 높은 굳힘이다. 귀의 실리를 지키기보다는 외세를 쌓고자 하는 수법이다.

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좌상귀는 변으로 두 칸 벌린 두 칸 높은 굳힘이고, 우상귀는 변으로 눈목자 행마를 한 눈목자 굳힘이다.

좌하귀는 화점에서 4 · 3으로 쌍점을 선 것이고, 우하귀는 3 · 3으로 마늘모 행마를 한 것이다. 하변의 형태는 모두 귀의 실리를 지키고자 할 때 쓰인다. 화점에서 쌍점을 둔 형태는 단단하다 하여 '철주'(鐵柱)라고도 하며, 화점에서 쌍점을 두는 것을 '철주를 내린다'라고도 한다.

걸침[편집]

날일자 걸침[편집]

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백1로 날일자 걸침이 가장 자주 사용되는 수법이다. 이에 흑 날일자로 받으면,

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Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go w.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go w2.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go b3.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go b1.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go dl.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg

위는 무난한 정석이다. 또는 한 칸 협공하여

Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go b1.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go w.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go b9.svg Go 11.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go w8.svg Go b2.svg Go b.svg Go b5.svg Go b7.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go 10.svg Go w2.svg Go w4.svg Go w6.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go 12.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go dl.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg

백에게 귀를 내어 주고 흑은 외세를 차지하는 것도 기본 정석이다. 흑7을 잘못 두어 아래의 흑1처럼 젖히면,

Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go w.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go B.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go b3.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go w4.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go w2.svg Go w.svg Go w.svg Go b1.svg Go A.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go dl.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg

백4로 끊기면 a, b를 맞보아 흑이 곤란하다. 이 때에는 흑3으로 막지 말고,

Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go w.svg Go b5.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go w4.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go b3.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go w2.svg Go w.svg Go w.svg Go b1.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go dl.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg

이처럼 세력을 쌓는 것이 좋다. 이 그림을 백이 싫어하면,

Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go w.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go b3.svg Go b5.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go w2.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go b7.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go w4.svg Go w.svg Go w.svg Go b1.svg Go w6.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go w8.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go dl.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg

이 그림은 흑1과 백8의 교환이 자충이어서 흑이 좋지 않다. 만약 흑이 욕심을 내어,

Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go w.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go b3.svg Go b5.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go w2.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go w8.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go w4.svg Go w.svg Go w.svg Go b1.svg Go w6.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go b7.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go dl.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg

백을 잡으려고 하면 오히려 흑이 곤란하다.