대한민국의 인구

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다음은 대한민국의 인구에 대한 글이다.

개요[편집]

대한민국의 인구는 1949년 정부수립 직후 2000만 명, 1967년에 3000만 명, 1983년에 4000만 명, 2010년[1]에 5000만 명을 넘었다.

인구피라미드 유형은 유소년인구가 감소하고, 노년인구가 증가함에 따라 인구 구조가 1950~70년대 '피라미드형', 1980~2000년대 '종형', 2010년대 이후로는 초저출산 심화에 따라 '항아리형' 내지 '역피라미드형'으로 변화하고 있다.

UN 추계[편집]

출처:[2]

구간 연평균 출생아수 연평균 사망자수 연평균 자연증가 조출생률 조사망률 자연증가율 합계출산율 영아사망률
1950–1955 722,000 331,000 391,000 35.8 16.4 19.4 5.05 138.0
1955–1960 1,049,000 356,000 693,000 45.4 15.4 30.0 6.33 114.4
1960–1965 1,067,000 347,000 720,000 39.9 13.0 27.0 5.63 89.7
1965–1970 985,000 298,000 687,000 32.9 9.9 23.0 4.71 64.2
1970–1975 1,004,000 259,000 746,000 30.4 7.8 22.5 4.28 38.1
1975–1980 833,000 253,000 581,000 23.1 7.0 16.1 2.92 33.2
1980–1985 795,000 248,000 547,000 20.4 6.4 14.0 2.23 24.6
1985–1990 647,000 239,000 407,000 15.5 5.7 9.8 1.60 14.9
1990–1995 702,000 239,000 463,000 16.0 5.5 10.6 1.70 9.7
1995–2000 615,000 247,000 368,000 13.6 5.5 8.1 1.51 6.6
2000–2005 476,000 245,000 231,000 10.2 5.3 5.0 1.22 5.3
2005–2010 477,000 243,000 234,000 10.0 5.1 4.9 1.29 3.8
2010–2015 455,000 275,000 180,000 1.26

출생 및 사망[편집]

출처는 대한민국 통계청[3], 액추얼리티스[4], 세계은행[5],e-나라지표

연도 (년) 추계인구(명) 출생자수(명) 사망자수(명) 자연증가수(명) 조출생률(%) 조사망률(%) 자연증가율(%) 합계출산율(%)
1925 12,997,611 633,156 359,042 274,114 48.7 27.6 21.1
1926 13,052,741 585,670 337,948 247,722 44.9 25.9 19.0
1927 13,037,169 608,918 353,818 255,100 46.7 27.1 19.8
1928 13,105,131 640,200 357,701 282,499 48.9 27.3 21.6
1929 13,124,279 641,665 414,366 227,299 48.9 31.6 17.3
1930 13,880,469 681,975 322,611 359,364 49.1 23.2 15.9
1931 13,895,052 619,801 346,800 273,001 44.6 25.0 19.6
1932 14,117,191 555,241 384,287 170,954 39.3 27.2 12.1
1933 14,229,277 532,846 336,232 196,614 37.4 23.6 13.8
1934 14,449,155 560,713 356,515 204,198 38.8 24.7 14.1
1935 15,061,960 579,038 377,454 201,584 38.4 25.1 13.3
1936 15,114,775 570,889 381,806 189,081 37.8 25.3 12.5
1937 15,235,383 568,700 342,575 226,125 37.3 22.5 14.8
1938 15,358,193 707,949 347,025 360,924 46.1 22.6 23.5
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946 19,369,270 578,583 360,232 218,351 30.2 18.8 13.4
1947 19,836,234 687,943 312,748 375,195 34.7 15.8 18.9
1948 20,027,393 686,163 325,765 360,398 34.3 16.3 18.0
1949 20,188,641 690,518 291,823 398,695 34.2 14.5 29.7
1950 19,211,386 629,065 212,792 416,273 32.7 11.1 21.6 5.05
1951 19,304,737 669,472 532,549 136,923 34.7 27.6 7.1
1952 19,566,860 716,927 411,226 305,701 36.6 21.0 15.6
1953 19,979,069 771,627 315,846 455,781 38.6 15.8 22.8
1954 20,520,601 833,533 248,429 585,104 40.6 12.1 28.5
1955 21,168,611 902,352 223,722 678,630 42.6 10.6 32.0 6.33
1956 21,897,911 940,302 230,354 709,948 42.9 10.5 32.4
1957 22,681,233 957,870 237,490 720,380 42.2 10.5 31.7
1958 23,490,027 987,308 244,438 742,870 42.0 10.4 31.6
1959 24,295,786 1,016,173 251,229 764,944 41.8 10.3 31.5
1960 25,012,374 1,073,619 289,430 784,189 42.9 11.6 31.3 6.16
1961 25,765,673 1,039,561 218,661 820,900 40.3 8.5 31.8 5.99
1962 26,513,030 1,027,499 207,141 820,358 38.8 7.8 31.0 5.79
1963 27,261,747 1,023,693 207,375 816,318 37.6 7.8 30.8 5.57
1964 27,984,155 993,034 203,015 790,009 35.5 7.6 27.9 5.36
1965 28,704,674 987,819 203,025 784,794 34.4 7.1 27.3 5.16
1966 29,435,571 1,022,088 223,590 798,498 34.7 7.6 27.1 4.99
1967 30,130,983 1,005,295 242,280 763,013 33.4 8.0 25.4 4.84
1968 30,838,302 1,043,321 280,308 763,013 33.8 9.1 24.7 4.72
1969 31,544,266 1,044,943 270,023 774,920 33.1 8.6 24.5 4.62
1970 32,240,827 1,006,645 258,589 748,056 31.2 8.0 23.2 4.53
1971 32,882,704 1,024,773 237,528 787,245 31.2 7.2 23.9 4.54
1972 33,505,406 952,780 210,071 742,709 28.4 6.3 22.2 4.12
1973 34,103,149 965,521 267,460 698,061 28.3 7.8 20.5 4.07
1974 34,692,266 922,823 248,807 674,016 26.6 7.2 19.4 3.77
1975 35,280,725 874,030 270,657 603,373 24.8 7.7 17.1 3.43
1976 35,848,523 796,331 266,857 529,474 22.2 7.4 14.8 3.00
1977 36,411,795 825,339 249,254 576,085 22.7 6.8 15.8 2.99
1978 36,969,185 750,728 252,298 498,430 20.3 6.8 13.5 2.64
1979 37,534,236 862,669 239,986 622,683 23.0 6.4 16.6 2.90
1980 38,123,775 862,835 277,284 585,551 22.6 7.3 15.4 2.82
1981 38,723,248 867,409 237,481 629,928 22.4 6.1 16.3 2.57
1982 39,326,352 848,312 245,767 602,545 21.6 6.2 15.3 2.39
1983 39,910,403 769,155 254,563 514,592 19.3 6.4 12.9 2.06
1984 40,405,956 674,793 236,445 438,348 16.7 5.9 10.8 1.74
1985 40,805,744 655,489 240,418 415,071 16.1 5.9 10.2 1.66
1986 41,213,674 636,019 239,256 396,763 15.4 5.8 9.6 1.58
1987 41,621,690 623,831 243,504 380,327 15.0 5.9 9.1 1.53
1988 42,031,247 633,092 235,779 397,313 15.1 5.6 9.5 1.55
1989 42,449,038 639,431 236,818 402,613 15.1 5.6 9.5 1.56
1990 42,869,283 649,738 241,616 408,122 15.2 5.6 9.5 1.57
1991 43,295,704 709,275 242,270 467,005 16.4 5.6 10.8 1.71
1992 43,747,962 730,678 236,162 494,516 16.7 5.4 11.3 1.76
1993 44,194,628 715,826 234,257 481,569 16.0 5.2 10.8 1.65
1994 44,641,540 721,185 242,439 478,746 16.0 5.4 10.6 1.66
1995 45,092,991 715,020 242,838 472,182 15.7 5.3 10.3 1.63
1996 45,524,681 691,226 241,149 450,077 15.0 5.2 9.8 1.57
1997 45,953,580 668,344 241,943 426,401 14.4 5.2 9.2 1.52
1998 46,286,503 634,790 243,193 391,597 13.6 5.2 8.4 1.45
1999 46,616,677 614,233 245,364 368,869 13.0 5.2 7.8 1.41
2000 47,008,111 634,501 246,163 388,838 13.3 5.2 8.2 1.47
2001 47,370,164 554,895 241,521 313,374 11.6 5.0 6.5 1.30
2002 47,644,736 492,111 245,317 246,794 10.2 5.1 5.1 1.17
2003 47,892,330 490,543 244,506 246,037 10.2 5.1 5.1 1.18
2004 48,082,519 472,761 244,217 228,544 9.8 5.0 4.7 1.15
2005 48,184,561 435,031 243,883 191,148 8.9 5.0 3.9 1.08
2006 48,438,292 448,153 242,266 205,887 9.2 5.0 4.2 1.12
2007 48,683,638 493,189 244,874 248,315 10.0 5.0 5.1 1.25
2008 49,054,708 465,892 246,113 219,779 9.4 5.0 4.4 1.19
2009 49,307,835 444,849 246,942 197,907 9.0 5.0 4.0 1.15
2010 49,554,112 470,171 255,405 214,766 9.4 5.1 4.3 1.23
2011 49,936,638 471,265 257,396 213,869 9.4 5.1 4.3 1.24
2012 50,199,853 484,300 267,300 217,000 9.6 5.3 4.3 1.30
2013 50,428,893 436,455 266,257 170,198 8.6 5.3 3.4 1.19
2014 50,746,659 435,435 267,692 167,743 8.6 5.3 3.3 1.21
2015 51,014,947 438,420 275,895 162,925 8.6 5.4 3.2 1.24
2016 51,245,707 406,243 280,827 125,416 7.9 5.5 2.5 1.17

역사적인 인구 통계[편집]

함께 보기[편집]

각주[편집]

외부 링크[편집]