대한민국의 인구

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다음은 대한민국의 인구에 대한 글이다.

개요[편집]

대한민국의 인구는 1949년 정부수립 직후 2000만 명, 1967년에 3000만 명, 1983년에 4000만 명, 2010년[1]에 5000만 명을 넘었다.

인구피라미드 유형은 유소년인구가 감소하고, 노년인구가 증가함에 따라 인구 구조가 1950~70년대 '피라미드형', 1980~2000년대 '종형', 2010년대 이후로는 초저출산 심화에 따라 '항아리형' 내지 '역피라미드형'으로 변화하고 있다.

UN 추계[편집]

출처:[2]

구간 연평균 출생아수 연평균 사망자수 연평균 자연증가 조출생률 조사망률 자연증가율 합계출산율 영아사망률
1950–1955 722,000 331,000 391,000 35.8 16.4 19.4 5.05 138.0
1955–1960 1,049,000 356,000 693,000 45.4 15.4 30.0 6.33 114.4
1960–1965 1,067,000 347,000 720,000 39.9 13.0 27.0 5.63 89.7
1965–1970 985,000 298,000 687,000 32.9 9.9 23.0 4.71 64.2
1970–1975 1,004,000 259,000 746,000 30.4 7.8 22.5 4.28 38.1
1975–1980 833,000 253,000 581,000 23.1 7.0 16.1 2.92 33.2
1980–1985 795,000 248,000 547,000 20.4 6.4 14.0 2.23 24.6
1985–1990 647,000 239,000 407,000 15.5 5.7 9.8 1.60 14.9
1990–1995 702,000 239,000 463,000 16.0 5.5 10.6 1.70 9.7
1995–2000 615,000 247,000 368,000 13.6 5.5 8.1 1.51 6.6
2000–2005 476,000 245,000 231,000 10.2 5.3 5.0 1.22 5.3
2005–2010 477,000 243,000 234,000 10.0 5.1 4.9 1.29 3.8
2010–2015 455,000 275,000 180,000 1.26

출생 및 사망[편집]

출처는 대한민국 통계청[3], 액추얼리티스[4], 세계은행[5],e-나라지표

연도 (년) 추계인구(명) 출생자수(명) 사망자수(명) 자연증가수(명) 조출생률(%) 조사망률(%) 자연증가율(%) 합계출산율(%)
1925 12,997,611 558,897 359,042 199,855 43.0 27.6 15.4 6.59
1926 13,052,741 511,667 337,948 173,719 39.2 25.9 13.3
1927 13,037,169 534,524 353,818 180,706 41.0 27.1 13.9
1928 13,105,131 566,142 357,701 208,441 43.2 27.3 15.9
1929 13,124,279 566,969 414,366 152,603 43.2 31.6 11.6
1930 13,880,469 587,144 322,611 264,533 42.3 23.2 19.1 6.41
1931 13,895,052 589,428 346,800 242,628 42.4 25.0 17.4
1932 14,117,191 600,545 384,287 216,258 42.5 27.2 15.3
1933 14,229,277 607,021 336,232 270,789 42.7 23.6 19.1
1934 14,449,155 618,135 356,515 261,620 42.8 24.7 18.1
1935 15,061,960 646,158 377,454 268,704 42.9 25.1 17.8 6.60
1936 15,114,775 639,355 381,806 257,549 42.3 25.3 17.0
1937 15,235,383 636,839 342,575 294,264 41.8 22.5 19.3
1938 15,358,193 569,299 347,025 222,274 37.1 22.6 14.5
1939 15,486,028 585,482 353,391 232,091 37.8 22.8 15.0
1940 15,559,741 527,964 358,496 169,468 33.9 23.0 10.9 6.56
1941 15,745,478 553,690 366,239 187,451 35.2 23.3 11.9
1942 16,013,742 533,768 376,003 157,765 33.3 23.5 9.8
1943 16,239,721 513,846 384,881 128,965 31.6 23.7 7.9
1944 16,599,172 533,215 380,121 153,094 32.1 22.9 9.2 6.78
1945 16,695,819 544,786 367,308 177,478 32.6 22.0 10.6
1946 19,369,270 590,763 410,629 180,134 30.5 21.2 9.3
1947 19,836,234 686,334 361,019 325,315 35.0 18.2 16.8
1948 20,027,393 692,948 374,512 318,436 34.6 18.7 15.9
1949 20,188,641 696,508 341,188 355,320 34.5 16.9 17.6
1950 19,211,386 633,976 597,474 36,502 33.0 31.1 1.9 5.05
1951 19,304,737 675,666 579,142 96,524 35.0 30.0 5.0
1952 19,566,860 722,018 457,865 264,153 36.9 23.4 13.5
1953 19,979,069 777,186 363,619 413,567 38.9 18.2 20.7
1954 20,520,601 839,293 348,850 490,433 40.9 17.0 23.9
1955 21,168,611 908,134 295,302 612,832 42.9 14.0 28.9 6.33
1956 21,897,911 945,990 294,344 651,646 43.2 13.4 29.8
1957 22,681,233 963,952 293,344 670,608 42.5 12.9 29.6
1958 23,490,027 993,628 291,864 701,764 42.3 12.4 29.9
1959 24,295,786 1,016,173 289,525 726,648 41.8 11.9 29.9
1960 25,012,374 1,080,535 285,350 795,185 43.2 11.4 31.8 6.16
1961 25,765,673 1,046,086 280,846 765,240 40.6 10.9 29.7 5.99
1962 26,513,030 1,036,659 270,433 760,266 39.1 10.2 28.9 5.79
1963 27,261,747 1,033,220 278,070 755,150 37.9 10.2 27.7 5.57
1964 27,984,155 1,001,833 279,842 721,991 35.8 10.0 25.8 5.36
1965 28,704,674 996,052 272,694 723,358 34.7 9.5 25.2 5.16
1966 29,435,571 1,030,245 294,356 735,889 35.0 10.0 25.0 4.99
1967 30,130,983 1,005,295 242,280 763,013 33.4 8.0 25.4 4.84
1968 30,838,302 1,043,321 280,308 763,013 33.8 9.1 24.7 4.72
1969 31,544,266 1,044,943 270,023 774,920 33.1 8.6 24.5 4.62
1970 32,240,827 1,006,645 258,589 748,056 31.2 8.0 23.2 4.53
1971 32,882,704 1,024,773 237,528 787,245 31.2 7.2 23.9 4.54
1972 33,505,406 952,780 210,071 742,709 28.4 6.3 22.2 4.12
1973 34,103,149 965,521 267,460 698,061 28.3 7.8 20.5 4.07
1974 34,692,266 922,823 248,807 674,016 26.6 7.2 19.4 3.77
1975 35,280,725 874,030 270,657 603,373 24.8 7.7 17.1 3.43
1976 35,848,523 796,331 266,857 529,474 22.2 7.4 14.8 3.00
1977 36,411,795 825,339 249,254 576,085 22.7 6.8 15.8 2.99
1978 36,969,185 750,728 252,298 498,430 20.3 6.8 13.5 2.64
1979 37,534,236 862,669 239,986 622,683 23.0 6.4 16.6 2.90
1980 38,123,775 862,835 277,284 585,551 22.6 7.3 15.4 2.82
1981 38,723,248 867,409 237,481 629,928 22.4 6.1 16.3 2.57
1982 39,326,352 848,312 245,767 602,545 21.6 6.2 15.3 2.39
1983 39,910,403 769,155 254,563 514,592 19.3 6.4 12.9 2.06
1984 40,405,956 674,793 236,445 438,348 16.7 5.9 10.8 1.74
1985 40,805,744 655,489 240,418 415,071 16.1 5.9 10.2 1.66
1986 41,213,674 636,019 239,256 396,763 15.4 5.8 9.6 1.58
1987 41,621,690 623,831 243,504 380,327 15.0 5.9 9.1 1.53
1988 42,031,247 633,092 235,779 397,313 15.1 5.6 9.5 1.55
1989 42,449,038 639,431 236,818 402,613 15.1 5.6 9.5 1.56
1990 42,869,283 649,738 241,616 408,122 15.2 5.6 9.5 1.57
1991 43,295,704 709,275 242,270 467,005 16.4 5.6 10.8 1.71
1992 43,747,962 730,678 236,162 494,516 16.7 5.4 11.3 1.76
1993 44,194,628 715,826 234,257 481,569 16.0 5.2 10.8 1.65
1994 44,641,540 721,185 242,439 478,746 16.0 5.4 10.6 1.66
1995 45,092,991 715,020 242,838 472,182 15.7 5.3 10.3 1.63
1996 45,524,681 691,226 241,149 450,077 15.0 5.2 9.8 1.57
1997 45,953,580 668,344 241,943 426,401 14.4 5.2 9.2 1.52
1998 46,286,503 634,790 243,193 391,597 13.6 5.2 8.4 1.45
1999 46,616,677 614,233 245,364 368,869 13.0 5.2 7.8 1.41
2000 47,008,111 634,501 246,163 388,838 13.3 5.2 8.2 1.47
2001 47,370,164 554,895 241,521 313,374 11.6 5.0 6.5 1.30
2002 47,644,736 492,111 245,317 246,794 10.2 5.1 5.1 1.17
2003 47,892,330 490,543 244,506 246,037 10.2 5.1 5.1 1.18
2004 48,082,519 472,761 244,217 228,544 9.8 5.0 4.7 1.15
2005 48,184,561 435,031 243,883 191,148 8.9 5.0 3.9 1.08
2006 48,438,292 448,153 242,266 205,887 9.2 5.0 4.2 1.12
2007 48,683,638 493,189 244,874 248,315 10.0 5.0 5.1 1.25
2008 49,054,708 465,892 246,113 219,779 9.4 5.0 4.4 1.19
2009 49,307,835 444,849 246,942 197,907 9.0 5.0 4.0 1.15
2010 49,554,112 470,171 255,405 214,766 9.4 5.1 4.3 1.23
2011 49,936,638 471,265 257,396 213,869 9.4 5.1 4.3 1.24
2012 50,199,853 484,300 267,300 217,000 9.6 5.3 4.3 1.30
2013 50,428,893 436,455 266,257 170,198 8.6 5.3 3.4 1.19
2014 50,746,659 435,435 267,692 167,743 8.6 5.3 3.3 1.21
2015 51,014,947 438,420 275,895 162,925 8.6 5.4 3.2 1.24
2016 51,245,707 406,243 280,827 125,416 7.9 5.5 2.4 1.17

역사적인 인구 통계[편집]

함께 보기[편집]

각주[편집]

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