힌두교 경전의 성립 연대

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힌두교

옴(AUM): 힌두교에서 부르는 깨닫는 소리
경전 · 연대
관련 항목

힌두교 만(卍)

다음은 힌두교 경전의 시대순 성립 연대 목록이다. 기재된 모든 연대는 대략적인 시간대이다. 성립 연대에 대한 여러 의견이 있는 경우 다른 연대와 함께 병기되어 있다.

참고 문헌[편집]

  • (영어) Avari, Burjor (2007). 《India: The Ancient Past》. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-35616-9
  • (영어) Flood, Gavin (1996). 《An Introduction to Hinduism》. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-43878-0
  • (영어) Hopkins, Thomas J. (1971). 《The Hindu Religious Tradition》. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company
  • (영어) Keay, John (2000). 《India: A History》. New York: Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3797-0
  • (영어) Kulke, Hermann, Rothermund, Dietmar (1986). 《A History of India》. New York: Barnes & Noble. ISBN 0-88029-577-5

주석[편집]

  1. (영어) Oberlies, Thomas (《Die Religion des Rgveda》, Wien, 1998, p. 155) gives an estimate of 1100 BC for the youngest hymns in book 10. Estimates for a "terminus post quem" of the earliest hymns are more uncertain. Oberlies (p. 158) based on 'cumulative evidence' sets wide range of 1700–1100
  2. (영어) Bloomfield, M. 《The Atharvaveda and the Gopatha-Brahmana》, (Grundriss der Indo-Arischen Philologie und Altertumskunde II.1.b.) Strassburg 1899; Gonda, J. 《A history of Indian literature》: I.1 Vedic literature (Samhitas and Brahmanas); I.2 The Ritual Sutras. Wiesbaden 1975, 1977
  3. (영어) Michael Witzel, 《Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes》 ed. Caillat, Paris, 1989, 97–265.
  4. (영어) Sharma, Shubhra (1985), 《Life in the Upanishads》, Abhinav Publications, ISBN 9788170172024, pp. 17–19.
  5. (영어) "Hinduism" (2009). 《Encyclopædia Britannica》. Encyclopædia Britannica 2009 Student and Home Edition. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica.
  6. (영어) Narayan, R.K. 《The Ramayana. Penguin Group, 2006, page xxiii: "The Indian epic, the Ramayana, dates back to 1500 BC according to certain early scholars. Recent studies have brought it down to about the fourth century BC."
  7. (영어) Chaurasia, Radhey Shyam. 《History of Ancient India: Earliest Times to 1000 A. D.》. p. 38: "the Kernel of the Ramayana was composed before 500 B.C. while the more recent portion were not probably added till the 2nd century B.C. and later."
  8. (영어) Brockington, J. (1998). 《The Sanskrit Epics》, Leiden. p. 26
  9. Van Buitenen; 《The Mahabharata》 Vol. 1; The Book of the Beginning. Introduction (Authorship and Date).
  10. 세계사 > 인류 문화의 시작 > 그리스도교의 성립 > 남인도의 안드라 왕국 > 마누 법전, 《글로벌 세계 대백과사전
  11. For composition between 200 BCE and 200 CE see: Avari (2007), p. 142. For dating of composition "between the second century BCE and third century CE" see: Flood (1996), p. 56. For dating of Manu Smriti in "final form" to the 2nd century CE, see: Keay, p. 103. For dating as completed some time between 200 BCE and 100 CE see: Hopkins (1971), p. 74. For probable origination during the second or 3rd centuries AD, see: Kulke, Hermann & Rothermund, Dietmar (1986), p. 85. For the text as preserved dated to around the 1st century BCE. see: 《Encyclopedia Britannica Concise》, retrieved 2007-06-24
  12. (영어) Bowman, John Stewart. (2000). 《Columbia chronologies of Asian history and culture》 Columbia University Press. ISBN 0231110049. p. 330.
  13. Flood (1996), p. 96
  14. (영어) Hanneder, Jürgen; Slaje, Walter. "Moksopaya Project: Introduction".