흉상어과

위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사전.
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생물 분류 읽는 법흉상어과
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흉상어
생물 분류
계: 동물계
문: 척삭동물문
강: 연골어강
아강: 판새아강
상목: 상어상목
목: 흉상어목
과: 흉상어과
(Carcharhinidae)
D. S. Jordan & Evermann, 1896
흑기흉상어(Carcharhinus melanopterus)
갈라파고스상어(Carcharhinus galapagensis)
멕시코만의 무태상어(Carcharhinus brevipinna)
레몬상어(Negaprion brevirostris)
청새리상어(Prionace glauca)

흉상어과(Carcharhinidae)는 흉상어목에 속하는 상어 과의 하나이다. 뱀상어청새리상어, 황소상어, 펜두상어 등을 포함하고 있다.

하위 분류[편집]

흉상어과에 속하는 52종은 12개 속으로 분류하고 있다.[1]

  • 뱀상어아과 (Galeocerdinae)
    • 뱀상어속 (Galeocerdo) J. P. Müller & Henle, 1837
      • 뱀상어 (Galeocerdo cuvier) (Péron & Lesueur, 1822)
  • 아구상어아과 (Scoliodontinae)
  • 흉상어아과 (Carcharhininae)
    • 흉상어족 (Carcharhinini)
      • 흉상어속 (Carcharhinus) Blainville, 1816
        • Carcharhinus acronotus (Poey, 1860) (Blacknose shark)
        • Carcharhinus albimarginatus (Rüppell, 1837) (Silvertip shark)
        • 긴코상어 (Carcharhinus altimus) (S. Springer, 1950)
        • Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides (Whitley, 1934) (Graceful shark)
        • 산호상어 (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos) (Bleeker, 1856) (Grey reef shark)
        • Carcharhinus amboinensis (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Pigeye shark)
        • Carcharhinus borneensis (Bleeker, 1858) (Borneo shark)
        • 무태상어 (Carcharhinus brachyurus) (Günther, 1870)
        • Carcharhinus brevipinna (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Spinner shark)
        • Carcharhinus cerdale Gilbert, 1898 (Pacific smalltail shark)
        • Carcharhinus cautus (Whitley, 1945) (Nervous shark)
        • Carcharhinus coatesi (Whitley, 1939)
        • Carcharhinus dussumieri (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Whitecheek shark)
        • 미흑점상어 (Carcharhinus falciformis) (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
        • Carcharhinus fitzroyensis (Whitley, 1943) (Creek whaler)
        • 갈라파고스상어 (Carcharhinus galapagensis) (Snodgrass & Heller, 1905)
        • Carcharhinus hemiodon (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Pondicherry shark)
        • Carcharhinus isodon (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Finetooth shark)
        • Carcharhinus leiodon Garrick, 1985 (Smooth tooth blacktip shark )
        • 황소상어 (Carcharhinus leucas) (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
        • 흑단상어 (Carcharhinus limbatus) (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
        • 장완흉상어 (Carcharhinus longimanus) (Poey, 1861)
        • Carcharhinus macloti (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Hardnose shark)
        • 흑기흉상어 (Carcharhinus melanopterus) (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (Blacktip reef shark)
        • 흑상어 (Carcharhinus obscurus) (Lesueur, 1818)
        • Carcharhinus perezii (Poey, 1876) (Caribbean reef shark)
        • 흉상어 (Carcharhinus plumbeus) (Nardo, 1827)
        • Carcharhinus porosus (Ranzani, 1839) (Smalltail shark)
        • Carcharhinus sealei (Pietschmann, 1913) (Blackspot shark)
        • Carcharhinus signatus (Poey, 1868) (Night shark)
        • Carcharhinus sorrah (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Spot-tail shark)
        • Carcharhinus tilstoni (Whitley, 1950) (Australian blacktip shark)
        • Carcharhinus tjutjot (Bleeker, 1852)
      • Glyphis Agassiz, 1843
        • 보르네오민물상어 (Glyphis fowlerae) Compagno, W. T. White & Cavanagh, 2010
        • 갠지스상어 (Glyphis gangeticus) (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839)
        • Glyphis garrick] Compagno, W. T. White & Last, 2008 (Northern river shark)
        • Glyphis glyphis (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Speartooth shark)
        • Glyphis siamensis]] (Steindachner, 1896) (Irrawaddy river shark)
      • Lamiopsis Gill, 1862
        • Lamiopsis temminckii (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Broadfin shark)
        • Lamiopsis tephrodes (Fowler, 1905) (Borneo broadfin shark)
      • Nasolamia Compagno & Garrick, 1983
        • Nasolamia velox (Gilbert, 1898) (Whitenose shark)
      • 레몬상어속 (Negaprion) Whitley, 1940
        • Negaprion acutidens (Rüppell, 1837) (Sicklefin lemon shark)
        • 레몬상어 (Negaprion brevirostris) (Poey, 1868) (Lemon shark)
      • 청새리상어속 (Prionace) Cantor, 1849
    • Rhizoprionodontini
      • Rhizoprionodon Whitley, 1929
        • 펜두상어 (Rhizoprionodon acutus) (Rüppell, 1837)
        • Rhizoprionodon lalandii (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Brazilian sharpnose shark)
        • Rhizoprionodon longurio (D. S. Jordan & Gilbert, 1882) (Pacific sharpnose shark)
        • Rhizoprionodon oligolinx V. G. Springer, 1964 (Grey sharpnose shark)
        • Rhizoprionodon porosus (Poey, 1861) (Caribbean sharpnose shark)
        • Rhizoprionodon taylori (Ogilby, 1915) (Australian sharpnose shark)
        • Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (J. Richardson, 1836) (Atlantic sharpnose shark)
      • Loxodon J. P. Müller & Henle, 1838
        • Loxodon macrorhinus (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Sliteye shark)
    • Isogomphodontini
      • Isogomphodon Gill, 1862
        • Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Daggernose shark)
    • 백기흉상어족 (Triaenodontini)

각주[편집]

  1. Compagno, L.J.V. Family Carcharhinidae - Requiem sharks in Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2010. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication, version (05/2010).

외부 링크[편집]