사용자:이형주/통화기호

위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사전.
둘러보기로 가기 검색하러 가기

틀:Distinguish2

통화 기호는 특히 돈의 양을 기준으로 통화의 이름에 대한 약어로서 사용되는 그래픽 심벌이다. They typically employ the first letter or character of the currency, sometimes with minor changes such as ligatures or overlaid vertical or horizontal bars. Today, ISO 4217 codes are used instead of currency signs for most official purposes,[출처 필요] though currency signs may be in common use in many other contexts. Few currencies in the world have no shorthand symbol at all.

Although many former currency signs were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency sign — implementation of which requires the adoption of new unicode and type formats — has now become a status symbol for international currencies. The European Commission considers part of the success of the euro was the global recognition of the euro sign 틀:Euro. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature it shared with neighboring countries.[1] It finalized its new currency symbol, (INR) on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter "" (ra).

via Radical Cartography.net

Usage[편집]

When writing currency amounts the location of the sign varies by currency. Many currencies, especially in Latin America and the English-speaking world, place it before the amount (e.g., R$50,00); many others place it after the amount (e.g., 50.00 S₣); and the Cape Verdean escudo, like the former Portuguese escudo and French franc, placed its sign in the decimal position (i.e., 20$00).[2]

The decimal separator also follows local countries' standards. For instance, the United Kingdom often uses an interpunct as the decimal point on price stickers (e.g., £5·52), although not in print. Commas (e.g., 5,00 €) or decimal points (e.g., $50.00) are common separators used in other countries. See decimal separator for information on international standards.

디자인[편집]

Official dimensions of the euro sign.
Dimensions of the sign in a selection of type faces.

Older currency signs have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The dollar and peso signs originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish real de a ocho, whereas the pound and lira signs evolved from an L standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver. Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new signs have symbolism closer to their adopter. The added center bar in the real sign is meant to symbolize stability.[3] The new Indian rupee symbol, INR, is a stylized combination of Latin and Devanagari letters.

There are also other considerations, such as the perception of the business community[출처 필요] and how the sign is rendered on computers. For a new symbol to be used, software to render it needs to be promulgated and keyboards need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the icon. The EU was criticized for not considering how the euro sign would need to be customized to work in different fonts.[1] The original design was also exceptionally wide. These two factors have led to most typefaces employing customized, font-specific versions, usually with reduced width.

List of presently-circulating currency signs[편집]

Symbol Uses Notes
¤ Generic currency sign Used when the correct sign is not available
؋ Afghan afghani
Ar Malagasy ariary[4]
฿ Thai baht
B/. Panamanian balboa
Br Ethiopian birr

Belarusian ruble
Bs. Venezuelan bolívar

Bolivian boliviano
Bolívar sometimes Bs.F.
Bs.F. Venezuelan bolívar variant Usually Bs.
GH¢ Ghana cedi
¢ cent, centavo, &c. A centesimal subdivision of currencies such as the US dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso. (See article.)

See also c
c cent &c. variant Preferred by currencies such as the Australian, New Zealand, South African cents; the West African CFA centime; and the divisions of the euro.

See also ¢
ct Lithuanian centas A centesimal division of the litas
Ch. Bhutanese chhertum A centesimal division of the ngultrum.
Costa Rican colón Also used for the former Salvadoran colón, which was discontinued in 2001 in favor of the US dollar, but remains accepted as legal tender.
D Gambian dalasi
ден Macedonian denar Latin form: DEN
دج Algerian dinar Latin form: DA
.د.ب Bahraini dinar Latin form: BD
د.ع Iraqi dinar
JD Jordanian dinar
د.ك Kuwaiti dinar Latin form: K.D.
ل.د Libyan dinar Latin form: LD
дин Serbian dinar Latin form: din.
د.ت Tunisian dinar Latin form: DT
د.م. Moroccan dirham Latin forms: DH or Dhs
د.إ United Arab Emirates dirham Latin forms: DH or Dhs
Db São Tomé and Príncipe dobra
$ Australian (A$), Bahamian (B$), Barbadian (Bds$), Belizean (BZ$), Bermudian (BD$), Brunei (B$), Canadian (CA$), Cayman Islands (CI$), East Caribbean (EC$), Fiji (FJ$), Guyanese (G$),[5] Hong Kong (HK$/元/圓), Jamaican (J$), Kiribati, Liberian (L$ or LD$), Namibian (N$), New Zealand (NZ$), Singaporean (S$), Soloman Islands (SI$), Surinamese (SRD), Taiwanese (NT$/元/圓), Trinidad and Tobago (TT$), Tuvaluan, United States (US$), and Zimbabwean (Z$) dollars

Argentine, Chilean (CLP$), Colombian (COL$), Cuban ($MN), Cuban convertible (CUC$), Dominican (RD$), Mexican (Mex$), and Uruguayan ($U) pesos

Nicaraguan córdoba (C$)

Brazilian real (R$)

Tongan paʻanga
May appear with either one or two bars, both of which currently share the same unicode space.

Kiribati and Tuvalu's dollars are pegged 1:1 with the Australian dollar.

Brunei's dollar is pegged 1:1 with the Singaporean dollar.


See also MOP$ and WS$
Vietnamese đồng
Armenian dram sign.svg Armenian dram
Esc Cape Verdean escudo Also the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão):
European euro In addition to the members of the eurozone, the Vatican, San Marino, and Monaco have been granted issuing rights for coinage but not banknotes.
ƒ Aruban florin (Afl.)[6]

Netherlands Antillean guilder (NAƒ)
Ft Hungarian forint
FBu Burundian franc
FCFA Central African CFA franc Also CFA[7]

Pegged 1:1 with West African CFA franc
Comorian (CF), Congolese (CF), Djiboutian (Fdj/DF), Guinean (FG/G₣) and Swiss (S₣) francs Also F and Fr.
FRw Rwandan franc[8] Possibly also RF[9] and R₣[10]
CFA West African CFA franc Pegged 1:1 with Central African CFA franc
G Haitian gourde
gr Polish grosz A centesimal division of the złoty
Paraguayan guaraní Or Parag-guarani-G.svg
h Czech haléř A centesimal division of the koruna
Ukrainian hryvnia
Lao kip Or ₭N
Czech koruna
kr Danish (Dkr) and Norwegian krones

Swedish krona

Faroese and Icelandic (Íkr) króna
Faroese króna pegged 1:1 with Danish krone,
":-" is used as an alternative sign for the Swedish krona
kn Croatian kuna
MK Malawian kwacha
ZK Zambian kwacha
Kz Angolan kwanza
K Myanma kyat

Papua New Guinean kina
Georgian lari
Ls Latvian lats
L Albanian lek

Honduran lempira
Also used as the currency sign for the Lesotho one-loti and the Swazi one-lilangeni note

Also uncommonly used for the pound sign £
Le Sierra Leonean leone
E Swazi lilangeni Sign based on the plural form "emalangeni.

" The one-lilageni note employs the currency sign
L
lp Croatian lipa A centesimal division of the kuna.
Turkish lira symbol black.svg Turkish lira
Lt Lithuanian litas
M Lesotho loti Sign based on plural form "maloti.

" The one-loti note employs the currency sign
L
Azeri manat symbol.svg Azerbaijani manat Also m. and man.
КМ Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark Latin form: KM
MT Mozambican metical[11] Also MTn
Mill, mil, &.c An uncommon millesimal subdivision of US dollars and other currencies. (See article.)
Nfk Eritrean nakfa Also Nfa[7]
Nigerian naira
Nu. Bhutanese ngultrum
UM Mauritanian ouguiya[12]
MOP$ Macanese pataca Alsoand
Philippine peso Also P, PhP, and P
£ British, Falkland Islands (FK£), Gibraltar, Lebanese (LL), Manx, St. Helena, Sudanese and Syrian (LS) pounds Alsoand L
ج.م. Egyptian pound Latin: L.E. Rarely £E or
P Botswana pula
Q Guatemalan quetzal
q Albanian qindarkë A centesimal division of the lek.
Pt. Egyptian qirsh A centesimal division of the Egyptian pound.
R South African rand Also sometimes Russian &c. rubles
R$ Brazilian real Also the double-barred dollar sign:
ريال Iranian rial Script for "rial," a currency name also used by other nations.
ر.ع. Omani rial
ر.ق Qatari riyal Latin: QR
ر.س Saudi riyal Latin: SR. Also: ریال
Cambodian riel
RM Malaysian ringgit
р. British &c. pennies

Transnistrian ruble
The penny is now a centesimal division of the pound.
Rf. Maldivian rufiyaa Also MRf., MVR and
(INR) Indian rupee Unicode:
Mauritian,[13] Nepalese[14] (N₨/रू.), Pakistani and Sri Lankan (SLRs/රු) rupees
SRe Seychellois rupee[15] Also SR
Rp Indonesian rupiah
s Latvian santīms A centesimal division of the lats.
Israeli new shekel
Ksh Kenyan shilling Also KSh
Sh.So. Somali shilling[16]
USh Ugandan shilling
S/. Peruvian nuevo sol
SDR Special drawing rights
лв Bulgarian lev
сом Kyrgyzstani som
Bangladeshi Taka Also Tk
WS$ Samoan tālā Sign based on previous name "West Samoan tala."

Also
T and ST.

See also $
Kazakhstani tenge symbol.svg Kazakhstani tenge Unicode:
Mongolian tögrög
VT Vanuatu vatu[17]
North Korean and South Korean won
¥ Japanese yen (円/圓)

Chinese Renminbi yuan (元/圆)
Used with one and two crossbars.

元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars.
Polish złoty

List of historic currency signs[편집]

See also[편집]

Notes[편집]

There are 118 currencies in total. Only 48 currently circulate the world. (2013)

References[편집]

  1. Westcott, K. (2009) India seeks rupee status symbol, BBC 10 March 2009, accessed 1 September 2009
  2. Banco de Cabo Verde. "Moedas." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  3. “The real. rs money.” (PDF). ECB. 3쪽. 2011년 5월 21일에 확인함. 
  4. Banky Foiben'i Madagasikara. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  5. [www.bankofguyana.org.gy Bank of Guyana]. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  6. Centrale Bank van Aruba. About Us - A Brief History of the Bank." Accessed 23 Feb 2011.
  7. Forexforums.com. "Currency symbol finder." Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  8. National Bank of Rwanda. "Legal tender." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  9. University of British Columbia: Saunders School of Business. "Currencies of the World." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  10. Lonely Planet. "Rwanda." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  11. Banco de Moçambique. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  12. Banque Centrale de Mauritanie. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  13. Bank of Mauritius. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  14. Nepal Rastra Bank. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  15. Central Bank of Seychelles. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  16. Central Bank of Somalia. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  17. The Reserve Bank of Vanuatu. "Current Banknotes and Coins in Circulation." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.