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2차 솜 전투: 두 판 사이의 차이

1,896 바이트 제거됨 ,  14년 전
잔글
-미번역 제거
잔글 (로봇이 더함: vi:Trận sông Somme lần thứ hai)
잔글 (-미번역 제거)
 
== 전투 ==
1918년 [[8월 15일]], [[영국 원정군]] 사령관 [[더글러스 헤이그]] 장군은 [[페르디낭 포슈]] 장군의 아미앵 공세를 계속하라는 요구를 거절했다. 대신에 헤이그 장군은 [[알베르]](Albert)를 공격할 계획을 세웠고, 8월 21일로 공격 날짜를 정했다. 주공부대는 [[영국 3 군]]과 3군에 배속된 [[미국 2 군단]]으로 결정되었다. 2차 전투는 [[8월 21일]]에 [[바포메]](Bapaume)에서 시작되었다. 전투는 전선에서 약 68km(40마일) 정도, [[두에]]에서 [[생캉텡 (앤)|생캉텡]](Saint-Quentin) 남쪽 [[라 페르]](La Fère)까지 넓게 전선이 확장되었다. 알베르는 8월 22일에 점령되었다. 8월 26일, [[영국 1군]]이 공격을 다른 방향으로 12km가량 확장했다. 바포메(Bapaume)는 [[8월 29일]]에 함락되었다. <!--The [[Australian Corps]] crossed the Somme River on the night of August 31, and [[Battle of Mont St. Quentin|broke the German lines at Mont St Quentin]] and [[Battle of Peronne|Péronne]]. The British Fourth Army's commander, General [[Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson|Henry Rawlinson]], described the Australian advances of August 31-September 4 as the greatest military achievement of the war.<ref>[http://www.awm.gov.au/1918/battles/mtstquentin.htm Australian War Memorial, 1998, "Mont St Quentin and Péronne"] Access date: March 1, 2007.</ref> By [[September 2]], the Germans had been forced back to the [[Hindenburg Line]], from which they had launched their offensive in the spring.
 
One of the epic battles of the whole war was the breach of the [[Hindenburg Line]] ([[Battle of the Hindenburg Line]]) at the Battle of the St Quentin Canal, later in September. On the way, the earthworks of the incomplete [[Canal du Nord]] were overcome during the [[Battle of Canal du Nord]].
 
A key part of the German supply line ran parallel with the front. This second 1918 battle around the Somme was part of a strategy designed to push parts of the German line back behind this main supply line so cutting it and making the efficient maintenance of the German forces on the front, impossible. The Campaign began with battle of Bapaume and, starting shortly after, the [[Battle of Saint-Mihiel]], outside the Somme area, with the aim of reducing salients before using the fluidity of the broken line to press on to the strategic railway. It was hoped that this fluidity would be present as, owing to the German advance in the spring, the German forces were well in advance of their hitherto impregnable, very well prepared defences on the Hindenburg Line.
 
This policy worked but it took some very determined work at the St Quentin Canal, among the prepared defences, to achieve success.
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== 주석 ==