전자 제어 주행 안정 장치

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전자식 주행안정 장치(Electronic stability control, ESC) 또는 전자식 주행안정 프로그램 (electronic stability program, ESP) 그리고 동적 안정화 제어 (dynamic stability control, DSC), 차량 동력학 제어기 (Vehicle Dynamics Control, VDC) 등 다양한 이름으로 불린다. ESC는 차량의 안정성을 향상시키고 미끄러짐을 예방하기 위한 능동안전기술을 말한다.

역사와 제품명[편집]

1983년 ASC(anti-skid control)제품으로 토요타 크라운에 처음 상용화되었다. 1987년에는 메르세데스-벤츠, 베엠베, 토요타는 traction control systems으로 각각 도입하였다.

ESC라는 이름은 AECEA, SAE, JAMA 와 같은 세계 각국의 자동차 협의체에서 공통으로 정한 이름이다. 하지만 자동체 생산업체들은 저마다 다른 이름을 사용 중이다. • Acura: Vehicle Stability Assist (VSA) (formerly CSL 4-Drive TCS)

  • Alfa Romeo: Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC)
  • Audi: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Bentley: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • BMW: Co engineering partner and inventor with Robert BOSCH GmbH and Continental (TEVES) Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) (including Dynamic Traction Control)
  • Bugatti: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Buick: StabiliTrak
  • Cadillac: StabiliTrak" and "StabiliTrak3.0 with Active Front Steering (AFS)
  • Chery: Electronic Stability Program
  • Chevrolet: StabiliTrak; Active Handling (Corvette & Camaro only)
  • Chrysler: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Citroën: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Daihatsu: Vehicle Stability Control (VSC)
  • Dodge: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Daimler: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Fiat: Electronic Stability Control (ESC) and Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC)
  • Ferrari: Controllo Stabilità (CST)
  • Ford: AdvanceTrac with Roll Stability Control (RSC) and Interactive Vehicle Dynamics (IVD) and Electronic Stability Program (ESP); Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) (Australia only)
  • General Motors: StabiliTrak
  • Honda: Vehicle Stability Assist (VSA) (formerly CSL 4-Drive TCS)
  • Holden: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Hyundai: Electronic Stability Program (ESP), Electronic Stability Control (ESC) and Vehicle Stability Assist (VSA)
  • Infiniti: Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC)
  • Isuzu: Electronic Vehicle Stability Control (EVSC)
  • Jaguar: Dynamic Stability Control (DSC), and Automatic Stability Control (ASC)
  • Jeep: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Kia: Electronic Stability Control (ESC) and Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Lamborghini: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Land Rover: Dynamic Stability Control (DSC)
  • Lexus: Vehicle Dynamics Integrated Management (VDIM) with Vehicle Stability Control (VSC)
  • Lincoln: AdvanceTrac
  • Maserati: Maserati Stability Program (MSP)
  • Mazda: Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) (including Dynamic Traction Control)
  • Mercedes-Benz (co-inventor) with Robert BOSCH GmbH: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Mercury: AdvanceTrac
  • MINI: Dynamic Stability Control
  • Mitsubishi: Active Skid and Traction Control MULTIMODE and Active Stability Control (ASC)
  • Nissan: Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC)
  • Oldsmobile: Precision Control System (PCS)
  • Opel: Electronic Stability Program (ESP) and Trailer Stability Program (TSP)[79]
  • Peugeot: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Pontiac: StabiliTrak
  • Porsche: Porsche Stability Management (PSM)
  • Proton: Electronic Stability Control (ESC) or Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC)
  • Renault: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Rover Group: Dynamic Stability Control (DSC)
  • Saab: Electronic Stability Program (ESP) or StabiliTrak
  • Saturn: StabiliTrak
  • Scania: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)[80]
  • SEAT: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Škoda: Electronic Stability Program (ESP) and Electronic Stability Control (ESC)
  • Smart: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Subaru: Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC)
  • Suzuki: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Tata: Corner Stability Control (CSC)
  • Toyota: Either Vehicle Stability Control (VSC) or Vehicle Dynamics Integrated Management (VDIM)
  • Tesla: Electronic Stability Control (ESC)
  • Vauxhall: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)
  • Volvo: Dynamic Stability and Traction Control (DSTC)
  • Volkswagen: Electronic Stability Program (ESP)