↑Baker, Anthony E (1993). 《The Bosphorus》. Redhouse Press. 146쪽. ISBN975-413-062-0. The Valide Sultan was born Evmania Voria, daughter of a Greek priest in a village near Rethymnon on Crete. She was captured by the Turks when they took Rethymnon in 1645.
↑Bromley, J. S. (1957). 《The New Cambridge Modern History》. University of California: University Press. 554쪽. ISBN0-521-22128-5. the mother of Mustafa II and Ahmed III was a Cretan
↑Sardo, Eugenio Lo (1999). 《Tra greci e turchi: fonti diplomatiche italiane sul Settecento ottomano》. Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche. 82쪽. ISBN88-8080-014-0. Their mother, a Cretan, lady named Rabia Gulnus, continued to wield influence as the Walide Sultan - mother of the reigning sultan
↑Library Information and Research Service (2005). 《The Middle East》. Library Information and Research Service. 91쪽. She was the daughter of a Cretan (Greek) family and she was the mother of Mustafa II (1664-1703), and Ahmed III (1673-1736).