KS-23

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KS-23
KS-23M-01.jpg
KS-23
종류 산탄총
카빈
국가 소련 소련
역사
파생형 KS-23M
KS-23K
TOZ-123
제원(KS-23)
길이 1040 mm

탄약 23x75mmR
유효사거리 100 m

KS-23은 비록 기관총 총열을 썼지만 러시아 군에 의해 공식적으로 카빈으로 지정되었지만 러시아산탄총이다. KS는 Karabin Spetsialniy의 약자이며, "특수 카빈"이라는 의미를 갖고 있다. 그 총은 큰 총열로 유명하며, 발포시 대략 23mm정도 되며, 영국과 미국에서 산탄총 구경의 표준으로 쓰이고 있는 6.27구경과 거의 유럽 표준으로 통용돼서 사용되고 있는 4구경을 동일시하고 있고(미터법의 CIP논의를 미룬 것을 기반으로), 그것은 가장 큰 구경을 가진 산탄총을 오늘날까지 쓰게 되었다.

역사[편집]

KS-23은 1970년대에 일어난 교도소 폭동을 제압하기 위해서 설계되었다. 이 무기는 러시아 내무부 (MVD)에 의해 러시아 무기개발자의 핵심인 TsNII-Tochmash가 만들었다. KS-23에 있는 총열은 23 mm 대공포에 있는 총열의 결함 때문에 만들어지게 되었다. 그러한 총열의 결함은 산탄 발포와 덜 치명적인 한 발의 스트레스를 덜 받도록 용인할 수 있게 간주되었고, 따라서 산탄총 총열에 쓸 수 있게끔 길이를 줄였다. KS-23은 여러 MVD의 군대에 의해 1980년대 중반부터 사용하는 것을 고려하기 시작했다. 1990년대 동안에, 좁고 사방이 막힌 실내 영역들을 사용 가능하게 만들기 위해서 원본 설계에서 개선되게 만들었다. 비록 오직 M버전만 사용을 고려하고 있지만 두 개의 시험 생산품들인 KS-23M과 KS-23K가 제안되었다. 오늘날, 표준인 KS-23과 KS-23M은 러시아의 법 집행에 의해 쓰여지고 있다.

탄약[편집]

The KS-23 was created with the capability to fire several different types of ammunition, listed below:

  • "Shrapnel-10"Шрапнель-10») buckshot round with 10-meter effective range
  • "Shrapnel-25"Шрапнель-25») buckshot round with 25-meter effective range
  • "Barricade"Баррикада») cartridge with solid steel projectile able to destroy the engine block of a car at up to 100 meters.
  • "Volna"Волна») - inert version of cartridge used for education and practice during training
  • "Volna-R"Волна-Р») cartridge with less-lethal rubber bullet
  • "Strela-3"Стрела-3») cartridge with less-lethal plastic bullet
  • "Bird cherry-7"Черёмуха-7») tear gas grenade with CN agent
  • "Lilac-7"Сирень-7») tear gas grenade with CS agent
  • "Zvezda"Звезда») flash-bang round
  • PV-23 (ПВ-23) - blank (grenade launching) cartridge

Later, two add-on muzzle mortars were produced, the 36 mm Nasadka-6 and 82 mm Nasadka-12, bringing with them several new ammunition types:

  • Blank grenade launching cartridge to be used with muzzle mortars
  • 36 mm "Cheremukha-6" tear gas grenade
  • 82 mm "Cheremukha-12" "high-efficiency" tear gas grenade for use on open areas

변형[편집]

KS-23[편집]

The original KS-23 was developed jointly by NIISpetstekhniki (MVD) and TsNIITochmash in 1971, it was accepted for use by the Soviet police in 1985.[1] The gun has a barrel length of 510 mm and an overall length of 1040 mm. The KS-23 has an underbarrel tubular magazine capable of holding three rounds, with one in the chamber giving the gun a maximum round capacity of four. The gun's effective range is 150 m.

KS-23M[편집]

The KS-23M "Thrush" (Carbine Special 23 mm modernized) was developed on the base of the KS-23. Development for it was started in October 1990. Twenty-five carbines were submitted for testing on December 10, 1991. After which the winner, then designated S-3, became the KS-23M "Thrush" and was accepted for use by the police and the Internal Troops of Russia.[2] The KS-23M includes a detachable wire buttstock and shortened barrel, as opposed to the fixed wooden stock on standard KS-23s. The gun is still chambered in 23 mm. Its overall length with the buttstock is 875 mm, without, 650 mm, and the barrel is 410 mm long. The gun's effective range is 100 m.

KS-23K[편집]

The KS-23K is a redesigned KS-23 that features a bullpup layout. The KS-23K was accepted in 1998 for the use of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD).[3] Development and adoption of this carbine was motivated by the fact that in the earlier accepted configurations of the KS-23 and KS-23M a major noted deficiency was that the tubular magazine did not make it possible to rapidly reload or change the type of ammunition being used, because of this a major design change for the KS-23K is that it has an extended box magazine that holds seven shells instead of the three shells seen on the other models. The gun has a mechanical safety located on the left side, above the pistol handle and open non adjustable sights. The gun's effective range is 100 m.

TOZ-123[편집]

The civilian version of the KS-23 is the TOZ-123 "Drake-4" (ТОЗ-123 "Селезень-4"). It is made by Tulsky Oruzheiny Zavod and features a smoothbore design, making it more similar to a traditional shotgun, and is chambered in standard 4-gauge. Since August 1996 it is allowed in Russia as civilian hunting shotgun.[4]

The gun maker's website has this as the description for the shotgun.

The shotgun is multicharged, with a tubular underbarrel magazine of 3-cartridge capacity. Reloading is provided with a removable fore-end. The presence of the special barrel rear projection on the frame combined with the rear sight gives the possibility of mounting an optical sight. The shotgun is intended for the amateur hunting with shot cartridges.[5]

The TOZ-123 was banned from import into the United States during the Clinton administration.[6]

바깥 고리[편집]