HTML 속성

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HTML 속성(HTML attribute)은 HTML 요소 유형의 수정자(modifier)이다. (속성(attribute)은 태그의 동작을 제어하기 위해 "여는 태그" 안에 사용되는 특수 용어이다.) 즉, 속성은 요소 유형의 기본 기능을 수정하거나, 아니면 스스로 기능하지 못하는 특정한 요소 유형에 기능을 제공한다. HTML 문법에서 속성은 HTML 시작 태그에 추가된다.

개요[편집]

HTML 속성은 일반적으로 이름-값 쌍으로 나타나며, 구분은 =로 하며 요소의 이름 뒤의 요소의 시작 태그 안에 작성된다.

<태그 속성="값">content to be modified by the tag</태그>

여기서 태그는 HTML 요소 유형을 명명하고 속성은 속성의 이름을 가리키며 지정된 을 설정한다. 이 값은 ' 또는 "로 감쌀 수 있으나 특정한 문자들을 이루는 값들은 HTML에서 인용 부호 없이 남겨둘 수 있다. (XHTML에서는 제외)[1][2] 속성 값들을 인용 부호 없이 내버려두는 것은 안전하지 않은 것으로 간주된다.[3]

표준 속성[편집]

태그 id class style title dir lang xml:lang accesskey tabindex
<param> id
<head> dir lang xml:lang
<html> dir lang xml:lang
<meta> dir lang xml:lang
<title> dir lang xml:lang
<style> title dir lang xml:lang
<applet> id class style title
<br> id class style title
<frame> id class style title
<frameset> id class style title
<iframe> id class style title
<basefont> id class style title dir lang
<center> id class style title dir lang
<dir> id class style title dir lang
<font> id class style title dir lang
<menu> id class style title dir lang
<s> id class style title dir lang
<strike> id class style title dir lang
<u> id class style title dir lang
<abbr> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<acronym> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<address> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<b> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<big> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<blockquote> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<body> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<caption> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<cite> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<code> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<col> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<colgroup> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<dd> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<del> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<dfn> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<div> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<dl> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<dt> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<em> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<fieldset> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<form> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<hn> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<h1>, <h2>, <h3>, <h4>, <h5>, <h6> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<i> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<img> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<ins> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<kbd> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<li> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<link> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<map> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<noframes> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<noscript> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<ol> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<optgroup> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<option> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<p> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<pre> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<q> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<samp> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<small> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<span> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<strong> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<sub> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<sup> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<table> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<tbody> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<td> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<tfoot> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<th> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<thead> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<tr> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<tt> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<ul> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<var> id class style title dir lang xml:lang
<label> id class style title dir lang xml:lang accesskey
<legend> id class style title dir lang xml:lang accesskey
<object> id class style title dir lang xml:lang tabindex
<select> id class style title dir lang xml:lang tabindex
<a> id class style title dir lang xml:lang accesskey tabindex
<area> id class style title dir lang xml:lang accesskey tabindex
<button> id class style title dir lang xml:lang accesskey tabindex
<input> id class style title dir lang xml:lang accesskey tabindex
<textarea> id class style title dir lang xml:lang accesskey tabindex

이벤트 속성[편집]

태그 At At At At At At At At At At At At At At At At At
<frameset> onload onunload
<body> onload onunload onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<abbr> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<acronym> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<address> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<b> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<big> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<blockquote> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<caption> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<center> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<cite> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<code> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<col> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<colgroup> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<dd> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<del> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<dfn> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<dir> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<div> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<dl> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<dt> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<em> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<fieldset> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<h1>, <h2>, <h3>, <h4>, <h5>, <h6> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<hr> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<i> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<ins> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<kbd> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<legend> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<li> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<link> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<map> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<menu> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<noframes> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<noscript> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<object> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<ol> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<optgroup> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<option> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<p> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<pre> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<q> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<s> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<samp> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<small> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<span> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<strike> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<strong> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<sub> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<sup> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<table> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<tbody> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<td> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<tfoot> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<th> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<thead> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<tr> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<tt> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<u> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<ul> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<var> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<img> onabort onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup
<a> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup onblur onfocus
<area> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup onblur onfocus
<button> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup onblur onfocus
<form> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup onblur onfocus
<label> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup onblur onfocus
<select> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup onblur onfocus onchange
<input> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup onblur onfocus onchange onselect
<textarea> onclick ondblclick onmousedown onmousemove onmouseout onmouseover onmouseup onkeydown onkeypress onkeyup onblur onfocus onchange onselect

각주[편집]

  1. “On SGML and HTML”. World Wide Web Consortium. 2008년 11월 16일에 확인함. 
  2. “XHTML 1.0 - Differences with HTML 4”. World Wide Web Consortium. 2008년 11월 16일에 확인함. 
  3. Korpela, Jukka (1998년 7월 6일). “Why attribute values should always be quoted in HTML”. Cs.tut.fi. 2008년 11월 16일에 확인함.