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윌리엄 제임스: 두 판 사이의 차이

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==심리 이론==
윌리엄 제임스는 '심리적 표현을 하기때문에 심리적 감정을 경험한다'고 하는 [[제임스-랑게 이론]](James-Lange 理論,James-Lange theory)을 덴마크의 랑게(Lange, C.)와 거의 동시에 제창한 정서 이론을 주장한바 있다. 이러한 맥락에서 제임스는 그의 저서 '심리학의 원리'에서 의지와 행동이 성격의 경향을 형성할수있으며형성할 수 있으며 그렇게 형성된 성격은 '완전히 만들어진 의지'라는 밀(J.S. Mill)의 말을 인용한 그의 견해를 언급한바있다.<ref>(The principles of psychology, Chapter IV-HABIT , P154)No matter how full a reservoir of maxims one may possess, and no matter how good one's sentiments may be, if one have not taken advantage of every concrete opportunity to act, one's character may remain entirely unaffected for the better. With mere good intentions, hell is proverbially paved. And this is an obvious consequence of the principles we have laid down. A 'character,' as J. S. Mill says, 'is a completely fashioned will'; and a will, in the sense in which he means it, is an aggregate of tendencies to act in a firm and prompt and definite way upon all the principal emergencies of life. A tendency to act only becomes effectively ingrained in us in proportion to the uninterrupted frequency with which the actions actually occur, and the brain 'grows' to their use. Every time a resolve or a fine glow of feeling evaporates without bearing practical fruit is worse than a chance lost; it works so as positively to hinder future resolutions and emotions from taking the normal path of discharge. </ref><ref>(위키문헌-심리학의 원리 1부 1918)https://ko.wikisource.org/wiki/%EC%8B%AC%EB%A6%AC%ED%95%99%EC%9D%98_%EC%9B%90%EB%A6%AC</ref>
 
==저서==