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고노에 천황: 두 판 사이의 차이

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* '''''[[에이지 (연호)|에이지]] 1'''''([[1141]])년: 3월 전 천황 토바는 삭발하고 39세로 승려가 되었다.
 
 
* '''''에이지 1'''''(永治元年; [[1141]])년: 12월 7일에 스토크 천황 18년 (崇徳天皇18年),천황이 양위하고 후계(센소)는 동생이 받았다. 그는 토바 천황의 8남이였다. 직후에 코노에 천황이 소쿠이에 올랐다.
 
그때에 캄파쿠는 후지와라노 타다미치가 셋소 또는 집정이 되었다.
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The [[Cloistered Emperor]] [[Emperor Toba|Toba]] continued to direct all the affairs of government, while the retired [[Emperor Sutoku]] had no powers. This conflict resulted in many controversies during Konoe's reign.<ref name="t186">[see above]</ref>
 
* '''''[[Kōji (first)|Kōji]] 2''''', in the 1st month ([[1143]]): [[Cloistered Emperor]] [[Emperor Go-Toba|Go-Toba]]-in, now known by the title ''Daijō Hōō'' or ''[[Hōō]]'' (太上法皇), visited his mother.<ref name="t186">[see above]</ref>
* '''''Kōji 2''''', in the 5th month ([[1143]]): Konoe passed his days praying at [[Todai-ji]] and also at the temples on Mount Hiei.<ref name="t186">[see above]</ref>
 
* '''''[[Ten'yō]] gannen''''' or '''''Ten'yō 1''''', in the 7th month ([[1145]]): A comet was sighted in the sky; and for this reason, the name of the ''nengō'' was changed to ''Kyūan''.<ref name="t186">[see above]</ref>
 
* '''''[[Kyūan]] 1''''', in the 8th month ([[1145]]): The mother of former [[Emperor Sutoku]] (also known as ''"Taikenmon-In"'') died.<ref name="t186">[see above]</ref>
* '''''Kyūan 2''''', in the 2nd month ([[1146]]), Konoe visited Toba-no''-Hōō''.<ref name="t186">[see above]</ref>
* '''''Kyūan 2''''', in the 12th month ([[1146]]), Konoe joined in a celebration honoring ''Sesshō'' [[Fujiwara no Tadamichi]] (the regent) on his 58th birthday.<ref name="t186">[see above]</ref> This event was important because, in each [[sexagenary cycle]], the first and the fifty-eighth years were considered to be auspicious according to [[Chinese astrology|Chinese astrological principles]].
* '''''Kyūan 4''''', in the 6th month ([[1148]]: The imperial palace was consumed by flames.<ref name="t187">Titsingh, p. 187.</ref>
* '''''Kyūan 6''''', in the 1st month ([[1150]]): Konoe assumed the role of a mature adult; and he married Fujiwara-no Tokoku, who had been raised by ''[[Sadaijin]]'' Yorinaga. Tokoku was the daughter of ''[[Dainagon]]'' Taira-no Kiyomori. This bride became ''Kōkōgō'' (皇皇后) or first empress.<ref name="t187">[see above]</ref>
* '''''Kyūan 6''''', in the 3rd month ([[1150]]): Konoe married again, this time to "Feï-si," who had been raised by ''Sesshō'' Fujiwara-no Tadamichi. She was the daughter of ''Dainagon'' Fujiwara-no Koremichi. This bride became ''Chūgū'' (中宮) or second empress. Konoe was so very much enamoured of this second wife that he neglected his first wife, which caused discord in the ''[[kugyō]],'' especially between Tadamichi and Yorinaga.<ref name="t187">[see above]</ref>
* '''''Kyūan 6''''', in the 12th month ([[1150]]): ''Sesshō'' Minamoto-no Tadamichi, resigns his position and is named ''[[Daijō Daijin]]''. In this same month, Minamoto-no Yoshikane became head of the [[Ashikaga]] clan in [[Shimotsuke]] province.<ref name="t187">[see above]</ref>
 
* '''''[[Ninpei]] 1''''', in the 1st month ([[1151]]): ''Sadaijin'' Yorinaga was given additional power as ''"Naï-ken,"'' which gave him the duty and opportunity of reading formal written requests before they should be presented to the emperor. This had been amongst the powers of the ''Sesshō'' or the ''Kampaku.'' Factions in the court who favored Yorinaga tened to dislike Tadamichi, and they employed any means possible to help elevate Yorinaga's position. However, Yorinaga was himself generally disliked because of his capricious character. his tactics and stragtegy for enhancing his own prestige were focused primarily on diminishing Tadamichi's role in the court.<ref>Titsingh, p. 187-188.</ref>
* '''''Ninpei 2''''', on the 7th day of the 3rd month ([[1152]]): Konoe visited the home of Toba-no''-Hōō'' to celebrate his father's 50th birthday; and the emperor stayed until the next day, amusing himself with dances and with listening to musical performances.<ref name="t188">Titsingh, p. 188.</ref>
 
* '''''Ninpei 3''''', on the 2nd day of the 1st month ([[1153]]): Konoe visited his father's home; and in the same month Taira-no Tadamori, the head of the criminal tribunal, died; and this position was soon filed by his son, Taira-no Kiyomori.<ref name="t188">[see above]</ref>
 
* '''''[[Kyūju]] gannen''''' or '''''Kyūju 1''''', in the 5th month ([[1154]]): ''Udaijin'' Minamoto-no Masasada retired from public life to become a priest at age 61. He died several years later.<ref name="t188">[see above]</ref>
* '''''Kyūju gannen''''' or '''''Kyūju 1''''', in the 8th month ([[1154]]): Fujiwara-no Saneyoshi, Grand General of the Right, was elevated to the role of Grand General of the Left; and the former ''Dainagon'' Fujiwara-no Kanenaga (aged 17) was elevated to take on the newly vacated role of Grand General of the Right.<ref name="t188">[see above]</ref>
* '''''Kyūju 2''''', on the 23rd day of the 7th month ([[1155]]): Emperor Konoe died at the age of 17 years without leaving any heirs.<ref>Brown, pp. 324-325.</ref>
* '''''Kyūju 2''''', on the 24th day of the 7th month (大同元年; [[1155]]): In the 14th year of Konoe''-tennō'''s reign (近衛天皇14年), the emperor died; and despite an ensuring dispute over who should follow her as sovereign, contemporary scholars then construed that the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by a younger brother, the 14th on of former-Emperor Toba. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Go-Shirakawa is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).<ref>Titsingh, p. 189; Brown, p. 326; Varley, p. 44.</ref>
 
During Konoe's reign, the Enshō (Superiority of Duration) Temple. After this, successive emperors no longer build Imperial-prayer temples.<ref>Brown, p. 326.</ref>
 
Emperor Konoe's reign lasted for 14 years: 2 years in the ''nengō'' ''Kōji,'' 1 year in ''Ten'yō,'' 6 years in ''Kyūan, '' 3 years in ''Ninpei,'' and 2 years in ''Kyūju''.<ref name="t188">[see above]</ref>
 
====''Kugyō''====
''Kugyō'' (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the [[Emperor of Japan]] in pre-[[Meiji period|Meiji]] eras.
 
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Konoe's reign, this apex of the ''[[Daijō-kan]]'' included:
* ''[[Sesshō]]'', Fujiwara Tadamichi, 1099-1164.<ref name="b325">Brown, p. 325.</ref>
* ''[[Daijō-daijin]]'', Sanjō Saneyuki, 1079-1162.<ref name="b325">[see above]</ref>
* ''[[Sadaijin]]'', Fujiwara Yorinaga, 1120-1156.<ref name="b325">[see above]</ref>
* ''[[Sadaijin]]'', Minamoto Arihito, 1103-1147.<ref name="b325">[see above]</ref>
* ''[[Udaijin]]'', Sanjō Saneyuki, 1079-1162.<ref name="b325">[see above]</ref>
* ''[[Udaijin]]'', Minamoto Arihito, 1103-1147.<ref name="b325">[see above]</ref>
* ''[[Nadaijin]]'', Minamoto Arihito, 1103-1147.<ref name="b325">[see above]</ref>
 
==Eras of Konoe's reign ==
The years of Konoe's reign are more specifically identified by more than one [[Japanese era names|era name]] or ''[[nengō]]''.<ref>Titsingh, pp. 185-188; Brown, pp. 325-326.</ref>
* ''[[Kōji (first)|Kōji]]'' (1142-1144)
* ''[[Ten'yō]]'' (1144-1145)
* ''[[Kyūan]]'' (1145-1151)
* ''[[Ninpei]]'' (1151-1154)
* ''[[Kyūju]]'' (1154-1156)
 
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