- Forsyth, James. A History of the Peoples of Siberia: Russia's North Asian Colony 1581-1990.
- “Republic of Kalmykia”. Kommersant. 2004년 3월 10일. 2007년 4월 6일에 확인함. "The Kalmyk Khanate reached its peak of power in the period of Ayuka Khan (1669 -1724). Protected the southern borders of Russia and conducted many military expeditions against the Crimean Tatars, Ottoman Empire and Kuban Tatars. He also waged wars against the Kazakhs, subjugated the Mangyshlak Turkmens, and made multiple expeditions against the highlanders of the North Caucasus."
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