조선인민군의 군사 칭호

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조선인민군군사칭호는 1952년 12월 31일 최고인민회의 상임위원회에서 최초로 제정되었다. 군관계급은 4단계로 구별되어 있고, 당초 사병계급은 전사, 상등병으로 단순화되어 있었으나 1998년의 군제개혁으로 4분류로 변경되었다.

군관 직위 (1948-1952)[편집]

1948년부터 1952년 말기까지 군사 칭호 대신하여 사용되었다[1]. 이는 당시의 공산주의 국가의 이념 상, 계급이 아닌 직책으로 서열이 구분되기 때문에 군사 칭호가 이렇게 된 것이다.

계급 견장
고급 지휘관
민족보위상 (民族保衛相) Minister of National Defence rank insignia (North Korea, 1948-1952).png
총참모장 (總參謀長)
부상 (副相)
Chief of the General Staff and Vice-Minister of National Defence rank insignia (North Korea, 1948-1952).png
사단장 (師團長)
여단장 (旅團長)
학교장 (學校長)
Brigade commander rank insignia (North Korea, 1948-1952).png
상급 지휘관
사단참모장 (師團參謀長) Brigade Chief of Staff rank insignia (North Korea, 1948-1952).png
연대장 (聯隊長) Regiment commander rank insignia (North Korea, 1948-1952).png
부연대장 (副聯隊長)
독립대대장 (獨立大隊長)
Independent batallion commander rank insignia (North Korea, 1948-1952).png
대대장 (大隊長) Batallion commander rank insignia (North Korea, 1948-1952).png
중급 지휘관
부대대장 (副大隊長)
독립중대장 (獨立中隊長)
Independent company commander rank insignia (North Korea, 1948-1952).png
중대장 (中隊長) Company commander rank insignia (North Korea, 1948-1952).png
부중대장 (副中隊長)
독립소대장 (獨立小隊長)
Independent platoon commander rank insignia (North Korea, 1948-1952).png
소대장 (小隊長) Platoon commander rank insignia (North Korea, 1948-1952).png

1953년[편집]

원수급은 다른 계급과는 달리 오직 육군에만 존재하는 계급장이며 그 때문에 해군이나 공군 대장이 차수로 진급하면 육군으로 변경된다.

계급 견장
원수급
(元帥級)
조선 민주주의 인민 공화국 원수
(朝鮮 民主主義 人民 共和國 元帥)
Marshal of the DPRK rank insignia (1953).png
조선 민주주의 인민 공화국 차수
(朝鮮 民主主義 人民 共和國 次帥)
Vice-Marshal of the DPRK rank insignia.jpg
육군견장 해군견장 공군견장
장령급
(將領級)
대장 (大將) General of the Army rank insignia (North Korea, 1953).png Fleet Admiral rank insignia (North Korea, 1953).png General of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea, 1953).png
중장 (中將) Lieutenant General rank insignia (North Korea).svg Vice Admiral rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant General of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg
소장 (少將) Major General rank insignia (North Korea).svg Rear Admiral rank insignia (North Korea).svg Major General of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg
좌관급
(佐官級)
대좌 (大佐) Senior Colonel rank insignia (North Korea).svg Commodore rank insignia (North Korea).svg Senior Colonel of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg
상좌 (上佐) Colonel rank insignia (North Korea).svg Senior Captain rank insignia (North Korea).svg Colonel of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg
중좌 (中佐) Lieutenant Colonel rank insignia (North Korea).svg Captain rank insignia (North Korean Navy).svg Lieutenant Colonel of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg
소좌 (少佐) Major rank insignia (North Korea).svg Commander rank insignia (North Korea).svg Major of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg
위관급
(尉官級)
대위 (大尉) Captain rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant Commander rank insignia (North Korea).svg Captain of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg
상위 (上尉) Senior Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korean Navy).svg Senior Lieutenant of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg
중위 (中尉) Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant Junior Grade rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg
소위 (少尉) Junior Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Ensign rank insignia (North Korea).svg Junior Lieutenant of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg
하사관급
(下士官級)
특무상사 (特務上士) Chief Master Sergeant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Chief Petty Officer rank insignia (North Korea).svg Master Aircrew rank insignia (North Korea).svg
상사 (上士) Junior Sergeant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Petty Officer Third Class rank insignia (North Korea).svg Junior Sergeant rank insignia (North Korean Air Force).svg
중사 (中士) Senior Corporal rank insignia (North Korea).svg Able Seaman rank insignia (North Korea).svg Corporal rank insignia (North Korean Air Force).svg
하사 (下士) Corporal rank insignia (North Korea).svg Seaman rank insignia (North Korea).svg Senior Aircraftman rank insignia (North Korea).svg
전사급
(戰士級)
상등병 (上等兵) Lance Сorporal rank insignia (North Korea).svg Seaman Apprentice rank insignia (North Korea).svg Leading Aircraftman rank insignia (North Korea).svg
전사 (戰士) Private rank insignia (North Korea).svg Seaman Recruit rank insignia (North Korea).svg Aircraftman rank insignia (North Korea).svg

1998년 부터[편집]

보위부 및 호위사령부는 사병이 없이 전원 장교로만 구성되어 있다.

계급 견장
원수급
(元帥級)
조선민주주의인민공화국 대원수
(朝鮮民主主義人民共和國 大元帥)
Generalissimo rank insignia (North Korea).svg
조선민주주의인민공화국 원수
(朝鮮民主主義人民共和國 元帥)
Marshal of the DPRK rank insignia.svg
조선인민군 원수
(朝鮮人民軍 元帥)
Marshal of the KPA rank insignia.svg
조선인민군 차수
(朝鮮人民軍 次帥)
Vice-Marshal rank insignia (North Korea).svg
육군견장 해군견장 공군견장 보안부견장 보위부견장
장령급
(將領級)
대장 (大將) General of the Army rank insignia (North Korea).svg Fleet Admiral rank insignia (North Korea).svg General of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg General rank insignia (North Korean police).png General rank insignia (North Korean secret police).png
상장 (上將) Colonel General rank insignia (North Korea).svg Admiral rank insignia (North Korea).svg Colonel General of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg Colonel General rank insignia (North Korean police).png Colonel General rank insignia (North Korean secret police).png
중장 (中將) Lieutenant General rank insignia (North Korea).svg Vice Admiral rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant General of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant General rank insignia (North Korean police).png Lieutenant General rank insignia (North Korean secret police).png
소장 (少將) Major General rank insignia (North Korea).svg Rear Admiral rank insignia (North Korea).svg Major General of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg Major General rank insignia (North Korean police).png Major General rank insignia (North Korean secret police).png
좌관급
(佐官級)
대좌 (大佐) Senior Colonel rank insignia (North Korea).svg Commodore rank insignia (North Korea).svg Senior Colonel of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg Senior Colonel rank insignia (North Korean police).png Senior Colonel rank insignia (North Korean secret police).png
상좌 (上佐) Colonel rank insignia (North Korea).svg Senior Captain rank insignia (North Korea).svg Colonel of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg Colonel rank insignia (North Korean police).png Colonel rank insignia (North Korean secret police).png
중좌 (中佐) Lieutenant Colonel rank insignia (North Korea).svg Captain rank insignia (North Korean Navy).svg Lieutenant Colonel of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant Colonel rank insignia (North Korean police).png Lieutenant Colonel rank insignia (North Korean secret police).png
소좌 (少佐) Major rank insignia (North Korea).svg Commander rank insignia (North Korea).svg Major of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg Major rank insignia (North Korean police).png Major rank insignia (North Korean secret police).png
위관급
(尉官級)
대위 (大尉) Captain rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant Commander rank insignia (North Korea).svg Captain of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg Captain rank insignia (North Korean police).png Captain rank insignia (North Korean secret police).png
상위 (上尉) Senior Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korean Navy).svg Senior Lieutenant of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg Senior Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korean police).png Senior Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korean secret police).png
중위 (中尉) Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant Junior Grade rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korean police).png Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korean secret police).png
소위 (少尉) Junior Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Ensign rank insignia (North Korea).svg Junior Lieutenant of the Air Force rank insignia (North Korea).svg Junior Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korean police).png Junior Lieutenant rank insignia (North Korean secret police).png
하사관급
(下士官級)
특무상사 (特務上士) Chief Master Sergeant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Chief Petty Officer rank insignia (North Korea).svg Master Aircrew rank insignia (North Korea).svg First Sergeant rank insignia (North Korean police).png 없음
상사 (上士) Senior Sergeant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Petty Officer First Class rank insignia (North Korea).svg Flight Sergeant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Senior Sergeant rank insignia (North Korean police).png
중사 (中士) Sergeant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Petty Officer Second Class rank insignia (North Korea).svg Sergeant rank insignia (North Korean Air Force).svg Sergeant rank insignia (North Korean police).png
하사 (下士) Junior Sergeant rank insignia (North Korea).svg Petty Officer Third Class rank insignia (North Korea).svg Junior Sergeant rank insignia (North Korean Air Force).svg Junior Sergeant rank insignia (North Korean police).png
전사급
(戰士級)
상급병사 (上級兵士) Senior Corporal rank insignia (North Korea).svg Able Seaman rank insignia (North Korea).svg Corporal rank insignia (North Korean Air Force).svg Corporal rank insignia (North Korean police).png
중급병사 (中級兵士) Corporal rank insignia (North Korea).svg Seaman rank insignia (North Korea).svg Senior Aircraftman rank insignia (North Korea).svg Lance Corporal rank insignia (North Korean police).png
초급병사 (初級兵士) Lance Сorporal rank insignia (North Korea).svg Seaman Apprentice rank insignia (North Korea).svg Leading Aircraftman rank insignia (North Korea).svg Senior Private rank insignia (North Korean police).png
전사 (戰士) Private rank insignia (North Korea).svg Seaman Recruit rank insignia (North Korea).svg Aircraftman rank insignia (North Korea).svg Private rank insignia (North Korean police).png

같이 보기[편집]

각주[편집]