위키백과:문서 등재 기준 (책)

위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사전.
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위키백과의 문서 등재 기준 지침
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세부 지침 (제안 중)

위키백과의 모든 정책과 지침 보기

이 지침은 위키백과에 책에 관한 내용을 쓸지 말지에 관한 몇 가지의 추가 기준을 제공합니다. 이 등재 기준 지침을 만족한다는 것은 일반적으로 책이 문서 내용을 증명하는 자료로 사용될 수 있다는 것을 말합니다.

문서 등재 기준이나 기타 주제별 문서 등재 기준에 명시된 조건 중 하나를 충족하는 책, 위키백과 문서가 아닌 정책으로 여겨지는 책은 문서를 의미가 있다고 여깁니다.

이 지침 (또는 기타 문서 등재 기준)에 명시된 등재 기준을 충족하지 못하면 삭제 신청 대상이 아닙니다.

이 지침에서 제공하는 기준은 대략적인 기준입니다. 이들이 전부는 아닙니다. 따라서, 책이나 다른 문서 등재 기준에 명시되지 않은 이유로 책은 주목할만한 것일수 있습니다.

주목할만한 주장위키백과의 확인 가능한 정책을 준수해야합니다. 해당 책이 등재 기준을 충족한다고 단정하는 것만으로는 충분하지 않습니다. 실제로 존재하는 주장을 검증할만한 신뢰할수 있는 출처가 있어야합니다.

여기에 사용된 "문서 등재 기준"은 책의 우수성을 반영한 것이 아닙니다. 책은 충실하게 쓸수 있으며 매혹적이고 화제가 될수 있지만, 그 책에 관한 백과사전 문서를 작성하기에 충분한 확인 가능한 출처 자료가 존재할만큼 충분히 주목할만한 것은 아닙니다.

범위 알림[편집]

""이라는 개념이 널리 정의되어 있지만, 이 지침은 다음 유형의 출판물에 대한 구체적인 표출 기준을 아직 제공하지 않습니다: 만화책; 그래픽 노블 (일본 만화에도 적용되지만); 잡지; 사전, 시소러스, 백과사전, 지도 및 얼머낵; 리브레토와 같은 음악 관련 출판물; 사용 설명서, 시험 준비 도서. 구체적인 지침을 개발할수 있습니다. 그때까지, 이 지침은 비유로 교훈이 될수 있습니다.

아래에 명시된 등재 기준은 전자 형식의 서적 (또는 전자책)에 적용됩니다. However, the notability of e-books should also be evaluated using the notability criteria for web-specific content, as well as a determination of whether the book is covered by Project Gutenberg or an analogous project.

기준[편집]

신뢰할 수 있는 출처를 통해 다음 기준 중 적어도 1가지 기준을 충족시키는 도서는 등재 기준을 만족한다 볼 수 있습니다.

  1. The book has been the subject[6] of multiple, non-trivial[2] published works appearing in sources that are independent of the book itself.[3] This includes published works in all forms, such as newspaper articles, other books, television documentaries and reviews. Some of these works should contain sufficient critical commentary to allow the article to grow past a simple plot summary. This excludes media re-prints of press releases, flap copy, or other publications where the author, its publisher, agent, or other self-interested parties advertise or speak about the book.[4]
  2. 주요 문학상을 수상한 책.
  3. The book has been considered by reliable sources to have made a significant contribution to a significant motion picture, or other art form, or event or political or religious movement.
  4. The book is or has been the subject of instruction at multiple grade schools, high schools, universities or post-graduate programs in any particular country.[5]
  5. The book's author is so historically significant that any of his or her written works may be considered notable. This does not simply mean that the book's author is him/herself notable by Wikipedia's standards; rather, the book's author is of exceptional significance and the author's life and body of written work would be a common subject of academic study.

These criteria are rules of thumb for easily identifying books that Wikipedia should probably have articles about. However, meeting these criteria is not an absolute guarantee that Wikipedia should have a separate, stand-alone article entirely dedicated to the book.

기타 고려사항[편집]

임계 기준[편집]

A book should have, at a minimum, an ISBN (for books published after 1975 in a country where ISBNs are normally used), and should be catalogued by its country of origin's official or de facto national library (if that country has an official or de facto national library). For example, in the United States books are catalogued by the Library of Congress; in the United Kingdom at the British Library; in Australia at the National Library of Australia; in Canada at the Library and Archives Canada; in France at the Bibliothèque nationale de France; in Singapore at the National Library Board; in Brazil by the Fundação Biblioteca Nacional; in Argentina at Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina; and in India at the National Library of India. For a complete list, see List of national libraries.

However, these criteria are exclusionary rather than inclusionary; meeting these threshold standards does not imply that a book is notable, whereas a book which does not meet them, most likely is not. There will be exceptions—books that are notable despite not meeting these threshold standards—but good reasons for the notability of such books should be clear.

자비 출판[편집]

Self-publication and/or publication by a vanity press do not correlate with notability.[7] Exceptions do exist, such as Robert Gunther's Early Science in Oxford and Edgar Allan Poe's Tamerlane, but both of these books would be considered notable by virtue (for instance) of criterion 1.

Many vanity press books are assigned ISBN numbers, may be listed in a national library, and may be found through a Google Books search, none of which makes them notable.

위키백과 사용자의 책[편집]

만약 책에 관련된 위키백과 문서가 그 책의 저자 또는 편집자와 같은 기타 이해당사자에 의해 생성되었을 경우, 해당 책이 등재 기준에 충족되는지를 판단할 다른 방법이 없습니다. 위키백과:이해관계의 충돌위키백과:자신에 대한 이야기를 참조해 주세요.

온라인 서점[편집]

A book's listing at either or both of the online bookstores Barnes & Noble.com and Amazon.com is not by itself an indication of notability because both websites are non-exclusionary, including large numbers of vanity press publications. A book's listing at any other online bookstore that includes large numbers of vanity press publications shall be treated in the same way. There is no consensus as to whether a book's ranking at Amazon (found in the "product details" section) constitutes evidence of notability.

아직 발간되지 않은 책[편집]

Articles about books that are not yet published are accepted only if they are not excluded by the Wikipedia is not a crystal ball policy, and only under criteria other than those provided by this guideline, typically because the anticipation of the book is notable in its own right. In such cases there should be independent sources which provide strong evidence that the book will be published, and which include the title of the book and an approximate date of publication.

비상업적 책[편집]

The vast majority of books upon which articles are written which invite a notability judgment call and which find their way to articles for deletion, are contemporary. Nevertheless, the notability of books written or published earlier may occasionally be disputed and the criteria specified above, intended primarily for contemporary books, may be unsuitable because they would be too restrictive and would exclude articles on books that are worthy of notice.

Common sense should prevail. In such cases, possible bases for a finding of notability include, in particular, how widely the book has been cited or written about, the number of editions of the book, whether it has been reprinted, the fame that the book enjoys or enjoyed in the past, its place in the history of literature, its value as a historical source and its age.

아카데미 및 기술 서적[편집]

Academic and technical books serve a very different function and come to be published through very different processes than do books intended for the general public. They are often highly specialized, have small printing runs, and may only be available in specialized libraries and bookstores. For these reasons, most of the standards for mainstream books are inapplicable to the academic field. Again, common sense should prevail. In such cases, possible bases for a finding of notability include, in particular, whether the book is published by an academic press,[8] how widely the book is cited by other academic publications or in the media,[9] how influential the book is considered to be in its specialty area, or adjunct disciplines, and whether it is, or has been, taught, or required reading, in one or more reputable educational institutions.

파생 자료[편집]

책의 내용을 분할하고 분할하거나 세부 처리를 세부 처리하는 것과 같이 저명성의 수준을 낮추는 세부 처리를 하지 않아야 합니다. While a book may be notable, it is not normally advisable to have a separate article on a character or thing from the book, and it is often the case that despite the book being manifestly notable, a derivative article from it is not. Exceptions do exist, especially in the case of very famous books. For example, Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol clearly warrants a 'subarticle' on its protagonist, Ebenezer Scrooge. When a book has been split too finely to support the notability of individual subtopics, merging content back into the book article is appropriate.

In some situations— for example, if a given book itself does not appear to fit the established criteria for notability but the author is notable and has an article in Wikipedia— it may be more appropriate to feature material about the book in the author's article rather than creating a separate article for that book.

참고 자료[편집]

  • Clicking on any linked ISBN number on Wikipedia takes you to Special:Booksources where preformatted links for the specific book are provided, allowing access to multiple library catalogues, bookseller databases and other book resources.
This might be an issue as different formats of a book (i.e. ebook, audiobook, printed book) will have different ISBNs, and they will often not be sequential, especially for older books that were originally published before ebooks or audiobooks existed.

더 보기[편집]

각주[편집]

  1. 이 적용 대상이란 사소한 처리를 말하며, 책의 저자나 출판사, 가격의 간단한 언급은 포함하지 않습니다.
  2. 사소하지 않은 것이란 "스스로" 하지 않은 개인 웹사이트, 블로그, 유즈넷 게시판, 위키 등 기타 미디어를 말하는 것이 아닙니다. 처리 방법의 분석은 또한 매우 중요합니다; 예를 들어 Slashdot.org는 신뢰할 수 있지만, 회원이 사이트에 게시한 게시물은 포함하지 않습니다. 저자, 출판사, 대리인, 출판사를 확인할 때 주의하십시오. 특정 책의 모든 타 소스에는 관심을 두면 안 됩니다
  3. 독립적인 출처라는 것은 책의 출판사 등 실질적으로 책과 관련된 사람이 쓴 것을 말합니다.
  4. 자체 홍보나 간접 광고는 위키백과에 넣는 노선이 없습니다. 다른 사람이 책에 대해 써서 게시한 작품이어야 합니다(문서 자체의 주제와 중립성 문제의 검증에 대해서는 위키백과:자신에 대한 이야기를 참조하십시오). 저명성의 정도는 주제 자체에서 독립적인 사람인지의 여부에 관해 결정됩니다(또는 저자, 출판사, 공급 업체 또는 대리인에게서 독립적인 사람인지). 실제로 그들이 책을 작성했고 사소한 작품을 공개하는지에 대해서도 주목해야 합니다.
  5. 이 기준은 철학, 문학, 또는 과학의 주요 작품으로 연구 자체의 대상이 될만큼 충분히 의미있는 것으로 간주되어 교과서 또는 교육 프로그램의 연구를 위해 특별히 작성된 참고 도서를 이야기하지만, 독립적인 작품이 포함되어 있지는 않습니다.
  6. The "subject" of a work means non-trivial treatment and excludes mere mention of the book, its author or of its publication, price listings and other nonsubstantive detail treatment.
  7. Certain print-on-demand book publishers, such as PublishAmerica, claim to be "traditional" advance- and royalty-paying publishers rather than vanity presses. Regardless of the exact definitions, PublishAmerica and similar presses are to be considered vanity presses for purposes of assessing notability based on the manner works are published through them.
  8. Publication by a prominent academic press should be accorded far more weight than the analogous benchmark defined for publication of mainstream book by well known commercial publishers, by virtue of the non-commercial nature of such presses, and the peer review process that some academic books must pass before publication is allowed to go forward. See university presses for a partial list of such presses. Note that because a large portion of (en.)Wikipedia articles are written by English speaking people from English speaking nations, this list currently has an English speaking bias.
  9. A book's subject may be so specialized, such as in the esoteric math or physics spheres, that only a few hundred (or fewer) people in the world are situated to understand and comment on the material.
  10. “catalogue.bl.uk”. catalogue.bl.uk. 1994년11월 6일. 2014년 1월 4일에 확인함. 
  11. “catalog.loc.gov”. catalog.loc.gov. 2013년 5월 14일. 2014년 1월 4일에 확인함. 
  12. “litencyc.com”. litencyc.com. 2014년 1월 4일에 확인함. 
  13. “Norton Anthology of World Literature: W. W. Norton StudySpace”. Wwnorton.com. 2014년 1월 4일에 확인함. 
  14. Time:1:47. “worldcat.org”. worldcat.org. 2014년 1월 4일에 확인함.