우산잔디족

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생물 분류 읽는 법우산잔디족
Couch grass (3437031055).jpg
우산잔디(Cynodon dactylon)
생물 분류
계: 식물계
(미분류): 속씨식물군
(미분류): 외떡잎식물군
(미분류): 닭의장풀군
목: 벼목
과: 벼과
아과: 나도바랭이아과
족: 우산잔디족
Cynodonteae
Dumort., 1824
모식속
우산잔디속(Cynodon Rich.)

우산잔디족(雨傘--族, 학명: Cynodonteae 키노돈테아이[*])은 나도바랭이아과이다.[1] 800종 이상을 포함하고 있다.[2][3][4][5] 나도바랭이아과에 속하는 다른 식물들처럼, 우산잔디족 종들도 온난, 건조 기후 지역에 적응해 진화했다. 모두 C4 광합성 식물이다.

하위 분류[편집]

갯잠자리피아족(Tripogoninae Stapf)[6]
  • 갯잠자리피속(Tripogon Roem. & Schult.)
  • Desmostachya (Stapf) Stapf
  • Eragrostiella Bor
  • Melanocenchris Nees
  • Oropetium Trin.
  • Tripogonella P.M.Peterson & Romasch.
고우이니아아족(Gouiniinae P.M.Peterson & Columbus)[7]
  • 고우이니아속(Gouinia E.Fourn. ex Benth. & Hook.f.)
  • Schenckochloa J.J.Ortíz
  • Tridentopsis P.M.Peterson
  • Triplasiella P.M.Peterson & Romasch.
  • Triplasis P.Beauv.
  • Vaseyochloa Hitchc.
디스티클리스아족(Monanthochloinae Pilg. ex Potztal)[8]
보우텔로바아족(Boutelouinae Stapf)[9]
스클레로포곤아족(Scleropogoninae Pilg.)[10]
  • 스클레로포곤속(Scleropogon Phil.)
  • Blepharidachne Hack.
  • Erioneuron Nash
  • Munroa Torr.
  • Swallenia Soderstr. & H.F.Decker
아일루로푸스아족(Aeluropodinae P.M.Peterson)[11]
오르쿠티아아족(Orcuttiinae P.M.Peterson & Columbus)[12]
오리누스아족(Orininae P.M.Peterson & Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[13]
왕바랭이아족(Eleusininae Dumort.)[14]
  • 갯드렁새속(Diplachne P.Beauv.)
  • 나도바랭이속(Chloris Sw.)
  • 드렁새속(Leptochloa P.Beauv.)
  • 왕바랭이속(Eleusine Gaertn.)
  • 우산잔디속(Cynodon Rich.)
  • Afrotrichloris Chiov.
  • Apochiton C.E.Hubb.
  • Astrebla F.Muell.
  • Austrochloris Lazarides
  • Chrysochloa Swallen
  • Coelachyrum Hochst. & Nees
  • × Cynochloris Clifford & Everist
  • Daknopholis Clayton
  • Dinebra Jacq.
  • Disakisperma Steud.
  • Enteropogon Nees
  • Eustachys Desv.
  • Harpochloa Kunth
  • Lepturus R.Br.
  • Micrachne P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera
  • Microchloa R.Br.
  • Oxychloris Lazarides
  • Pommereulla L.f.
  • Rheochloa Filg., P.M.Peterson & Y.Herrera
  • Schoenefeldia Kunth
  • Sclerodactylon Stapf
  • Stapfochloa H.Scholz
  • Tetrapogon Desf.
자키카아족(Zaqiqahinae P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[15]
쥐꼬리새아족(Muhlenbergiinae Pilg.)[16]
지네발새아족(Dactylocteniinae P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[17]
  • 지네발새속(Dactyloctenium Willd.)
  • Acrachne Wight & Arn. ex Chiov.
  • Brachychloa S.M.Phillips
  • Neobouteloua Gould
크테니움아족(Cteniinae P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[18]
트라구스아족(Traginae P.M.Peterson & Columbus)[19]
  • 트라구스속(Tragus Haller)
  • Monelytrum Hack.
  • Orthacanthus P.M.Peterson & Romasch.
  • Pogononeura Napper
  • Polevansia De Winter
  • Willkommia Hack.
트리오디아아족(Triodiinae Benth.)[20]
트리코네우라아족(Trichoneurinae P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[21]
파라고아족(Farragininae P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[22]
파포포룸아족(Pappophorinae Dumort.)[23]
  • 파포포룸속(Pappophorum Schreb.)
  • Neesiochloa Pilg.
  • Tridens Roem. & Schult.
페로티스아족(Perotidinae P.M.Peterson, Romasch. & Y.Herrera)[24]
  • 페로티스속(Perotis Aiton)
  • Mosdenia Stent
  • Trigonochloa P.M.Peterson & N.Snow
후바르도클로아아족(Hubbardochloinae Auquier)[25]
  • 후바르도클로아속(Hubbardochloa Auquier)
  • Bewsia Gooss.
  • Dignathia Stapf
  • Gymnopogon P.Beauv.
  • Leptocarydion Hochst. ex Stapf
  • Leptothrium Kunth
  • Lophacme Stapf
힐라리아아족(Hilariinae P.M.Peterson & Columbus)[26]
분류 불확실(incertae sedis)
  • Allolepis Soderstr. & H.F.Decker
  • Halopyrum Stapf
  • Jouvea E.Fourn.
  • Kalinia H.L.Bell & Columbus
  • Kampochloa Clayton
  • Lepturidium Hitchc. & Ekman
  • Sohnsia Airy Shaw
  • Vietnamochloa Veldkamp & R.Nowack

계통 분류[편집]

계통 분류는 다음과 같다.[27]

PACMAD 분지군

아리스티다아과




기장아과





물대아과



미크라이라아과





꼬인새풀아과


나도바랭이아과

켄트로포디아족




트리라피스족




참새그령족




우산잔디족



잔디족










각주[편집]

  1. Dumortier, Barthélemy Charles Joseph. Observations sur les Graminées de la Flore Belgique 83, 90, 140. 1824.
  2. Soreng, Robert J.; Peterson, Paul M.; Romschenko, Konstantin; Davidse, Gerrit; Zuloaga, Fernando O.; Judziewicz, Emmet J.; Filgueiras, Tarciso S.; Davis, Jerrold I.; Morrone, Osvaldo (2015). “A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae)”. 《Journal of Systematics and Evolution》 53 (2): 117–137. doi:10.1111/jse.12150. ISSN 1674-4918. 
  3. Peterson, PM; Romaschenko, K; Johnson, G (September 2010). “A phylogeny and classification of the Muhlenbergiinae (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences.”. 《American journal of botany》 97 (9): 1532–54. PMID 21616906. 
  4. Peterson, PM; Romaschenko, K; Johnson, G (May 2010). “A classification of the Chloridoideae (Poaceae) based on multi-gene phylogenetic trees.”. 《Molecular phylogenetics and evolution》 55 (2): 580–98. PMID 20096795. 
  5. Hilu, Khidir; Alice, Lawrence (April 2001). “A Phylogeny of Chloridoideae (Poaceae) Based on matK Sequences”. 《Systematic Botany》 26 (2): 386–405. 2015년 12월 24일에 확인함. 
  6. Stapf, Otto. Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 22. 1917.
  7. Peterson, Paul M. & Columbus, James Travis. Aliso 23: 592. 2007.
  8. Pilger, Robert Knud Friedrich. Willdenowia 5(3): 472. 1969.
  9. Stapf, Otto. Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 22. 1917.
  10. Pilger, Robert Knud Friedrich. Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, Zweite Auflage 14d: 167, 49. 1956.
  11. Peterson, Paul M.. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55(2): 591. 2010.
  12. Peterson, Paul M. & Columbus, James Travis. Aliso 23: 592. 2007.
  13. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 65(6): 1277. 2016.
  14. Dumortier, Barthélemy Charles Joseph. Analyse des Familles des Plantes 63. 1829.
  15. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 65(6): 1279. 2016.
  16. Pilger, Robert Knud Friedrich. Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, Zweite Auflage 14d: 168, 67. 1956.
  17. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 65(6): 1276. 2016.
  18. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 63(2): 283. 2014.
  19. Peterson, Paul M. & Columbus, James Travis. Aliso 23: 592. 2007.
  20. Bentham, George. Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 19: 30. 1881.
  21. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 63(2): 284. 2014.
  22. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 63(2): 283. 2014.
  23. Dumortier, Barthélemy Charles Joseph. Analyse des Familles des Plantes 63. 1829.
  24. Peterson, Paul M., Romaschenko, Konstantin & Herrera Arrieta, Yolanda. Taxon 63(2): 284. 2014.
  25. Auquier, Paul Henri. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 50: 246. 1980.
  26. Peterson, Paul M. & Columbus, James Travis. Aliso 23: 592. 2007.
  27. Grass Phylogeny Working Group II (2012). “New grass phylogeny resolves deep evolutionary relationships and discovers C4 origins”. 《New Phytologist》 193 (2): 304–312. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03972.x. PMID 22115274.