↑Myers, Steven Lee; Kramer, Andrew E. (August 1, 2013). "Defiant Russia Grants Snowden Year's Asylum". 뉴욕 타임스. Retrieved August 6, 2013. "Russia’s decision, which infuriated American officials, ended five weeks of legal limbo for Mr. Snowden, the former intelligence analyst wanted by the United States for leaking details of the National Security Agency’s surveillance programs, and opened a new phase of his legal and political odyssey."