에드워드 핼릿 카

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에드워드 핼릿 카
Edward Hallett Carr
출생 1892년 06월 28일(1892-06-28)
런던
사망 1982년 11월 3일 (90세)
런던
국적 영국
학력 트리니티 칼리지 (케임브리지)
경력 Studies in Soviet history; creating the realist–utopian didactic in international relations theory; and outlining radical historiographical principles in his book 역사란 무엇인가
직업 역사가 · 외교관 · 국제 관계 이론가 · 저널리스트
배우자 Anne Ward Howe
Betty Behrens
자녀 1

에드워드 핼릿 "테드" (영어: Edward Hallett Ted Carr, CBE, 1892년 6월 28일~1982년 11월 3일)는 영국의 정치학자·역사가이다. 케임브리지 대학을 졸업하였으며 1916년부터 20년간 외교관으로 활약하였다. 1936년 웨일스 대학 교수로서 국제 정치학을 강의하다가 1947년에 물러났다. 1941년부터 1946년까지는 《타임스》지 부편집인을 지냈다. 그 후 국제 연합세계 인권 선언의 기초 위원회 위원장으로 활약하였다. 저서로 《20년의 위기》, 《역사란 무엇인가》, 《평화의 조건》, 《러시아 혁명사》 등이 있다. 또, 에드워드 카는 혁명적인 역사 진보의 개념을 확립하였다. 그는 역사란 현재와 과거 간의 끊임없는 대화라고 묘사한 바 있다. 이 말은 과거와 현재가 서로 연관되어 있다는 뜻이다. [1] 1920년 CBE훈장을 받았다.

20년간의 위기 그의 저작 <20년간의 위기>는 양차대전 사이의 1919~ 39년 사이 전쟁의 원인을 분석한 글이다. 이 책을 통해 그의 가진자들의 기득권을 위한 허상에 불과한 이상주의의 근거 없는 낙관주의가 실제로 정치를 더 혼란스럽게 함으로써 전쟁의 원인이 되었다고 피력하고 있다. 그는 또한 현실주의의 지나친 비관성과 권력정치 정당화에 대해 비판하는데 그로인해 그는 양비론자 또는 절충론자로 불린다. 그는 이론의 변증법적 통합을 주장했지만 엄연히 현실주의의 기본 전제를 인정하는 입장을 보임으로 현실주의자라 불린다.[2]

각주[편집]

  1. Gerald Leinwand (1986). 〈Prologue: In Search of History〉. 《The Pageant of World History》. Allyn & Bacon. 1~2쪽. ISBN 978-0-205-08680-1. The English scholar Edward Hallet Carr has described history as "an unending dialogue [conversation] between the present and the past. What Mr. Carr means is that the past and the present is connected. 
  2. 김준형 저 (국제정치 -역사와 관점을 넘어 쟁점까지)

저서[편집]

  • Dostoevsky (1821–1881): A New Biography, New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1931.
  • The Romantic Exiles: A Nineteenth Century Portrait Gallery, London: Victor Gollancz, 1933.
  • Karl Marx: A Study in Fanaticism, London: Dent, 1934.
  • Michael Bakunin, London: Macmillan, 1937.
  • International Relations Since the Peace Treaties, London: Macmillan, 1937.
  • The Twenty Years' Crisis, 1919–1939: an Introduction to the Study of International Relations, London: Macmillan, 1939, revised edition, 1946.
  • Britain: A Study of Foreign Policy from the Versailles Treaty to the Outbreak of War, London; New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1939.
  • Conditions of Peace, London: Macmillan, 1942.
  • Nationalism and After, London: Macmillan, 1945.
  • The Soviet Impact on the Western World, 1946.
  • A History of Soviet Russia, London: Macmillan, 1950–1978. Collection of 14 volumes: The Bolshevik Revolution (3 volumes), The Interregnum (1 volume), Socialism in One Country (5 volumes), and The Foundations of a Planned Economy (5 volumes).
  • The New Society, London: Macmillan, 1951.
  • German-Soviet Relations Between the Two World Wars, 1919–1939, London: Geoffrey Cumberlege, 1952.
  • 역사란 무엇인가, 1961, revised edition ed. R.W. Davies, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986.
  • 1917 Before and After, London: Macmillan, 1969; American edition: The October Revolution Before and After, New York: Knopf, 1969.
  • The Russian Revolution: From Lenin to Stalin (1917–1929), London: Macmillan, 1979.
  • From Napoleon to Stalin and Other Essays, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980.
  • The Twilight of the Comintern, 1930–1935, London: Macmillan, 1982.
  • The Comintern and the Spanish Civil War, 1984.

참고 자료[편집]

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  • Nove, Alec Review of 1917: Before and After pp. 451–453 from Soviet Studies, Volume 22, Issue #3, January 1971.
  • Oldfield, A. "Moral Judgments in History" pp. 260–277 from History and Theory, Volume 20, Issue #3, 1981.
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  • Porter, Brian "E.H. Carr-The Aberystwyth Years, 1936–1947" pp. 36–67 from E.H. Carr A Critical Appraisal ed. Michael Cox, London: Palgrave, 2000
  • Prince, J. R. Review of What Is History? pp. 136–145 from History and Theory, Volume 3, Issue # 1, 1963.
  • Rauch, Georg von Review of The Bolshevik Revolution 1917–1923 pages 376–380 from Historische Zeitschrift, Volume 178, Issue #2, 1954.
  • Rauch, Georg von Review of A History of Soviet Russia pages 181–182 from Historische Zeitschrift, Volume 193, Issue # 1 August 1961.
  • Reynolds, P. A. Review of German-Soviet Relations between the Two World Wars, 1919–39 from International Affairs, Volume 28, Issue # 4, October 1952.
  • A. L. Rowse Review of The Twenty Years' Crisis, 1919–1939 pp. 92–95 from The Economic Journal, Volume 51, Issue # 201, April 1941.
  • Schlesinger, Rudolf Review of The Bolshevik Revolution 1917–1923 pp. 389–396 from Soviet Studies, Volume 2, Issue # 4 April 1951.
  • Schlesinger, Rudolf "The Turning Point" from Soviet Studies, Volume XI, Issue No. 4, April 1960.
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  • St. Clair-Sobell, James Review of A History of Soviet Russia: The Bolshevik Revolution 1917–1923 pages 59–60 from International Journal, Volume 9, Issue # 1, Winter 1954.
  • Struve, Gleb Review of Michael Bakunin pp. 726–728 from The Slavonic and East European Review, Volume 16, Issue # 48, April 1938
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  • Walsh. W. H. Review of What Is History? pp. 587–588 from The English Historical Review, Volume 78, Issue # 308, July 1963.
  • Willetts, H. Review of A History of Soviet Russia Volume VI pages 266–269 from The Slavonic and East European Review, Volume 40, Issue # 94, December 1961.
  • Wolfe, Bertram "Professor Carr's Wave of the Future Western Academics and Soviet Realities" from Commentray, Volume XIX, Issue # 3, March 1955.
  • Woodward, E. L. Review of Karl Marx: A Study in Fanaticism page 721 from International Affairs, Volume 13, Issue # 5, September – October 1934.
  • Review of The Conditions of Peace pages 164–167 from The American Economic Review, Volume. 34, Issue # 1 March 1944.

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