기독교 선교

위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사전.
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기독교 선교 (Christian mission)는 기독교를 전파하기 위한 조직된 사명이다.[1]  선교적 사명은 선교사로서 개인과 단체로 보내는데, 국경을 넘고, 지형적 경계를 넘어서 기독교로 개종을 목적으로 혹은 하나의 기독교 교파에서 다른 기독교 교파로 바꾸는 사역으로 활동하는 것이다. 이것을 전도라고 한다. 예수 그리스도의 전파를 그의 명령에 따라서 그의 제자들과 특별히 사도 바울과 같은 사람들은 일생을 헌신하였다.

기독교 선교의 역사[편집]

초기 선교는 예수 그리스도의대사명(위임명)과 사도들의 흩어짐이 예루살렘을 중심으로 활동이 시작되었다.

중세[편집]

개신교의 선교[편집]

종교 개혁이후 점차적으로 이방전도에 강한 초점을 두었다.[2] 초기에는 이방땅보다는 교황적그리스도로 동일시하여 기독교 국가에 기독교 믿음을 전파하였다.[3]

미국에서 조나단 에드워즈와 같은 사람들은 인디언들에게 전도를 하였다.

중국[편집]

중국의 선교사들

각주[편집]

  1. “Mission”. 《Encyclopædia Britannica》. 2013년 1월 8일에 확인함. 
  2. Roy, Olivier (2010). 《Holy Ignorance》. New York: Columbia University Press. 48–56쪽. ISBN 978-0-231-70126-6. 
  3. Walls, Andrew F. (November 2016). “Eschatology and the Western Missionary Movement”. 《Studies in World Christianity》 (영어) 22 (3): 182–200. doi:10.3366/swc.2016.0155. 

추가 읽기[편집]

  • Anderson, Gerald H., (ed.) Biographical dictionary of Christian missions, Simon & Schuster Macmillan, 1998
  • Arles, Siga. Theological Education for the Mission of the Church in India: 1947 - 1987, New York: Peter Lang, 1992.
  • Bainbridge, William F. Around the World Tour of Christian Missions: A Universal Survey (1882) 583 pages; full text online
  • Barnes, Jonathan S. Power and Partnership: A History of the Protestant Mission Movement (Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2013)
  • Barrett, David, ed. World Christian Encyclopedia, Oxford University Press, 1982
  • Best, Jeremy. "Godly, International, and Independent: German Protestant Missionary Loyalties before World War I." Central European History (2014) 47#3 pp: 585–611.
  • Bevans, Stephen B. A Century of Catholic Mission (2013) excerpt; wide-ranging survey focused on 20th century worldwide
  • The Catholic Encyclopedia, (1913( online
  • Cnattingius, Hans. Bishops and societies: A study of Anglican colonial and missionary expansion, 1698–1850 (1952)
  • Dries, Angelyn. The missionary movement in American Catholic history (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1998)
  • Endres, David J. American Crusade: Catholic Youth in the World Mission Movement from World War I Through Vatican II (2010)
  • Etherington, Norman, ed. Missions and Empire (Oxford History of the British Empire Companion Series) (2008)
  • Fitzpatrick-Behrens, Susan. The Maryknoll Catholic Mission in Peru, 1943–1989: Transnational Faith and Transformation (2012)
  • Gailey, Charles R. and Howard Culbertson. Discovering Missions, Beacon Hill Press of Kansas City, 2007
  • Glazier, Michael and Monika K. Hellwig, eds., The Modern Catholic Encyclopedia, Liturgical Press, 2004
  • Glover, Robert H. The Progress of World-Wide Missions, rev. by J. Herbert Kane., Harper and Row, 1960
  • Graham, Gael. Gender, culture, and Christianity: American Protestant mission schools in China, 1880–1930 (P. Lang, 1995)
  • Herzog, Johann Jakob, Philip Schaff, and Albert Hauck. The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, 12 volumes, Funk and Wagnalls Company, 1910–11
  • Hollinger, David A. Protestants Abroad: How Missionaries Tried to Change the World but Changed America (2017) excerpt
  • Huntley, Martha. Caring, growing, changing: a history of the Protestant mission in Korea (Friendship Press, 1984)
  • Hutchison, William R. (1993). 《Errand to the World: American Protestant Thought and Foreign Missions》. University of Chicago Press. 
  • Kane, J. Herbert. A Concise History of the Christian World Mission, Baker, 1982
  • Latourette, Kenneth Scott. A History of the Expansion of Christianity, 7 volumes, (1938–45), the most detailed scholarly history
  • MacCulloch, Diarmaid. Christianity: The First Three Thousand Years (2009)
  • Moreau, A. Scott, David Burnett, Charles Edward van Engen and Harold A. Netland. Evangelical Dictionary of World Missions, Baker Book House Company, 2000
  • Neill, Stephen. A History of Christian Missions. Penguin Books, 1986
  • Newcomb, Harvey. A Cyclopedia of Missions: Containing a Comprehensive View of Missionary Operations Throughout the World : with Geographical Descriptions, and Accounts of the Social, Moral, and Religious Condition of the People (1860) 792 pages complete text online
  • Pocock, Michael, Gailyn Van Rheenen, Douglas McConnell. The Changing Face of World Missions: Engaging Contemporary Issues And Trends (2005); 391 pages
  • Ragsdale, John P. Protestant mission education in Zambia, 1880–1954 (Susquehanna University Press, 1986)
  • Robert, Dana L. Christian Mission: How Christianity Became a World Religion (2009), 226pp; short survey
  • Stanley, Brian. The Bible and the Flag: Protestant Mission and British Imperialism in the 19th and 20th Centuries (1990)
  • Stanley, Brian. The Global Diffusion of Evangelicalism: The Age of Billy Graham and John Stott (2013)
  • Tejirian, Eleanor H., and Reeva Spector Simon, eds. Conflict, Conquest, and Conversion: Two Thousand Years of Christian Missions in the Middle East (Columbia University Press; 2012) 280 pages; focus on the 19th and 20th centuries.
  • Tyrrell, Ian. Reforming the World: The Creation of America's Moral Empire (2010) excerpt and text search
  • Tucker, Ruth. From Jerusalem to Irian Jaya:From Jerusalem to Irian Jaya: A Biographical History of Christian Missions (2nd ed. 2004) excerpt and text search
  • Yates, Timothy. The Conversion of the Maori: Years of Religious and Social Change, 1814–1842 (2013)
  • Županov, Ines G. (2005). 《Missionary Tropics: The Catholic Frontier in India (16th–17th centuries)》. University of Michigan. ISBN 0-472-11490-5. 
  • Journal Social Sciences and Missions (Leiden: Brill), 1995–...

  • Gailey and Culbertson. Discovering Missions by ISBN 0-8341-2257-X
  • Johnstone Operation World ISBN 1-85078-357-8
  • Moreau, Corwin and McGree. Introducing World Missions ISBN 0-8010-2648-2
  • Olson, C. Gordon. What in the World is God Doing? Global Gospel Publishers, 2003
  • Parker, J. Fred. Mission to the World. Nazarene Publishing House, 1988
  • Van Rheenen Missions by ISBN 0-310-20809-2
  • Winter and Hawthorne, eds. Perspectives on the World Christian Movement ISBN 0-87808-289-1

외부 링크[편집]