포르투갈의 대통령 목록

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포르투갈의 국장
포르투갈의 대통령기

포르투갈의 현재 대통령은 아니발 카바쿠 실바이다. 다음 목록은 역대 포르투갈의 대통령 목록이다.

     무소속
     공화당      민주당      국민공화당(시도니우 파)      Partido Republicano Evolucionista (급진 공화파)/자유공화당
     국가연합당
     민주혁신당      사회당      사회민주당

Term # 대통령 취임 퇴임
공화국 임시 정부 (1910년 – 1911년)
- - 80px 테오필루 브라가[1] October 5, 1910 August 24, 1911 Republican
제1공화국 (1911–1926)
1 1 Manuel de Arriaga.jpg 마누엘 드 아히아가 August 24, 1911 May 26, 1915[R] Republican
later Democratic
1 2 80px 테오필루 브라가 [2] May 29, 1915 August 5, 1915 Democratic
2 3 Bernardino Machado.jpg 베르나르디누 마샤두 August 6, 1915 December 5, 1917[C] Democratic
2 4 President Paes of Portugal.jpg 시도니우 파이스[3] April 28, 1918 December 14, 1918[A] National Republican
or "Sidonist"
2 5 Canto e Castro.jpg 주앙 두 칸투 이 카스트루[4] December 14, 1918 October 5, 1919 National Republican
or "Sidonist"
3 6 Antonio Jose de Almeida.jpg 안토니우 조제 드 알메이다 October 5, 1919 October 5, 1923 Evolutionist Republican
later Liberal Republican
4 7 80px 마누엘 테이셰이라 고메스 October 6, 1923 December 11, 1925[R] Democratic
4 8 Bernardino Machado.jpg 베르나르디누 마샤두 December 11, 1925 May 31, 1926[C] Democratic
Ditadura Nacional (National Dictatorship) (1926–1932)
- 9 80px 조제 멘드스 카베사다스[5] May 31, 1926 June 19, 1926[C] Military officer
- 10 Gomes da costa.jpg 마누엘 드 올리베이라 고메스 다 코스타[5] June 19, 1926 July 9, 1926[C] Military officer
- 11 ÓscarCarmona(official).jpg 안토니우 오스카르 드 프라고주 카르모나[5][6] July 9, 1926 April 15, 1928 Military officer
이스타두 노부 (신 국가 체제) (1932–1974)
1 11 ÓscarCarmona(official).jpg 안토니우 오스카르 드 프라고주 카르모나 April 15, 1928 April 26, 1935 Military officer
since 1932, National Union
2 April 26, 1935 April 15, 1942
3 April 15, 1942 April 20, 1949
4 April 20, 1949 April 18, 1951[D]
4 - 안토니우 드 올리베이라 살라자르[7] April 18, 1951 July 21, 1951 National Union
5 12 프란시스쿠 크라베이루 로페스 July 21, 1951 August 9, 1958 National Union
6 13 아메리쿠 드 데우스 호드리게스 토마스 August 9, 1958 August 9, 1965 National Union
since 1968 Popular National Action
7 August 9, 1965 August 9, 1972
8 August 9, 1972 April 25, 1974[C]
제3공화국 (1974년 - 현재)
- 14 안토니우 드 스피놀라[8] April 25, 1974 September 30, 1974[R] Military officer
- 15 80px 프란시스쿠 다 코스타 고메스 September 30, 1974 July 13, 1976 Military officer
1 16 António Ramalho Eanes.jpg 안토니우 하말류 이아느스 July 14, 1976 March 9, 1981 Military officer
2 March 9, 1981 March 9, 1986 Military officer
later Democratic Renovator
3 17 Mário Soares (2003) portrait.jpg 마리우 소아르스 March 9, 1986 March 9, 1991 Socialist
4 1991년 3월 9일 1996년 3월 9일
5 18 Jorge Sampaio 3.jpg 조르즈 삼파이우 March 9, 1996 March 9, 2001 Socialist
6 2001년 3월 9일 2006년 3월 9일
7 19 Cavaco Silva 2007.jpg 아니발 카바쿠 실바 2006년 3월 9일 2011년 3월 9일 Social Democratic
8 2011년 3월 9일
  • Left office early:
[A] Assassinated.
[D] Died in office of natural causes.
[R] Resigned.
[C] Forced to resign due to a coup d'état'.

주석[편집]

  1. Teófilo Braga served as President of the Provisional Government, the de facto head of government and head of state, from the republican revolution of 1910 to the election of Manuel de Arriaga, the 1st President of Portugal.
  2. Teófilo Braga's biography in the official page of the Presidency of the Portuguese Republic. 2008년 2월 17일에 확인.
  3. After doing a coup d'état, Sidónio Pais became President of the Revolutionary Junta and later Prime Minister (President of the Ministry). He abolished the post of President of the Republic, assuming himself as the head of state as Prime Minister. He was assassinated in 1918.
  4. Canto e Castro was head of the Council of Ministers that served as the head of state of Portugal after the assassination of Sidónio Pais in 1918, from December 14 to December 16. He then became interim president until the election of António José de Almeida.
  5. Mendes Cabeçadas, Gomes da Costa and Óscar Carmona were the heads of the revolutionary provisional governments during the year of 1926. Although not called Presidents, they were de facto heads of state.
  6. Óscar Carmona served initially as head of the revolutionary government after a counter-coup deposed Gomes da Costa. He was de facto head of state between July 9 and November 16, 1926. However he officially took office as President of the Republic on November 16, 1926. Six years later, in 1932, the Estado Novo was proclaimed and the National Union, the only legal party, was formed by António de Oliveira Salazar. Carmona joined the party and was the party's candidate for every presidential election (that were considered fraudulent) until 1951, when he died.
  7. António de Oliveira Salazar, the dictatorial President of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister) occupied the post of president interim between the death of Óscar Carmona and the election of Francisco Craveiro Lopes.
  8. Between the Carnation Revolution on April 25, 1974 and May 15 of the same year, António de Spínola was the head of the National Salvation Junta, being the de facto head of state and government. After May 15 Adelino da Palma Carlos became the Prime Minister, and Spínola continued as de jure head of state as President of the Republic.