전투종족

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전투종족(戰鬪種族; Martial Race)이란 반란적인 요새에 대항하고 친영적인 이들을 '전투민족'과 '비전투민족'으로 두 분류로 나누던 세포이 항쟁 이후에 영국령 인도에 있는 육군 장군들에 의해 만들어진 단어이다.

전투 민족으로 구분된 부족들과 민족들[편집]

영국 식민지 시대[편집]

대영 도서관의 수록되어 있는 "라지푸트족" (불명, c.1860)

영국이 정리한 인도 아대륙의 "전투종족"[1]

주석[편집]

  1. Each of the following groups are mentioned in the Annual Class Return, 1925, pp 96-99.
  2. http://books.google.co.in/books?ei=r8WaTfO-McjKrAeViJHvBg&ct=result&id=WzIXHR8kVw0C&dq=jats++and+ahirs+of+pakistan&q=ahirs+
  3. Tan, Tai Yong (2005). 《The Garrison State: The Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab, 1849-1947》. ISBN 978-0-7619-3336-6. 2010년 9월 19일에 확인.
  4. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=vRwS6FmS2g0C&pg=PA205
  5. The Indian Army and the Making of Punjab, By Rajit K. Mazumder, pp 99, 105
  6. Ethnic Group Recruitment in the Indian Army by Dr. Omar Khalidi.
  7. Surridge, Keith (2007년). Martial Races: the Military, Race and Masculinity in British Imperial Culture, 1857-1914 (review). 《Journal of Victorian Culture》 12 (1): 146–150. ISSN 1355-5502.
  8. Britten, Thomas A. (1997). 《American Indians in World War I: At Home and at War》, illustrated, reprint, University of New Mexico Press, 128쪽. ISBN 0826320902 “The Rajputs, Jats, Dogras, Pathans, Gorkhas, and Sikhs, for example, were considered martial races. Consequently, the British labored to ensure that members of the so-called martial castes dominated the ranks of infantry and cavalry and placed them in special "class regiments."”
  9. Restricted Peasants and the Restraint of Imperial Power, Indian Army and the Making of Punjab, 2003, R. K. Majumdar
  10. Ethnic Group Recruitment in the Indian Army by Dr. Omar Khalid.
  11. Creative Pasts: Historical Memory And Identity in Western India, 1700-1960 From book: "In the early twentieth century, the Marathas were identified as a "martial race" fit for the imperial army, and recruitment of Marathas increased after World War I."
  12. American Asiatic Association (1942). 《Asia: Asian Quarterly of Culture and Synthesis》. Asia Magazine, 22쪽
  13. Paul Hartmann, B. R. Patil, Anita Dighe (1989). 《The Mass Media and Village Life: An Indian Study》. Sage Publications, 224쪽. ISBN 0-8039-9581-4
  14. Kumara Padmanabha Sivasankara Menon (1965). 《Many Worlds: An Autobiography》. Oxford University Press, 2쪽
  15. Hugh Gantzer (April 1975-March 1976). 《Imprint》. Business Press, 80쪽
  16. Benjamin B. Cohen (2002). Hindu rulers in a Muslim state L: Hyderabad, 1850-1949. University of Wisconsin--Madison. p. 78. Retrieved 20 July 2011
  17. "The chief areas for Saini recruitment were the Ambala, Hoshiarpur, and Jullundur Districts. ", The Golden Galley: the story of the Second Punjab Regiment, 1761-1947, pp 313, Sir Geoffrey Betham, Herbert Valentine Rupert Geary,rinted for the 2d Punjab Regiment Officers ̕Association at the University Press, by C. Batey, printer to the university, 1956
  18. Punjab District Gazetteers, Volume XIV A. , Jullundur District with Maps, pp 269, 1904 , Lahore, Printed at the "Civil and Military Gazette" Press
  19. "British Sikhs salute Indian success", 21 May 2004 작성. 12 May 2010 확인.
  20. http://www.sikhmediawatch.org/pubs/smartpub8.htm
  21. The People of India: A Series of Photographic Illustrations, with Descriptive Letterpress, of the Races and Tribes of Hindustan, Originally Prepared Under the Authority of the Government of India, and Reproduced by Order of the Secretary of State for India in Council By John Forbes Watson, John William Kaye, Meadows Taylor, Great Britain. India Office Published by India museum, 1872 Item notes: v. 5
  22. Bonarjee, P. D. (1899), A Handbook of Fighting Races of India, Calcutta: Thacker Spink (fasc. 1975, New Delhi: Asian Publication Services)

참고 서적[편집]

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