금 동위 원소

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동위 원소는 다음과 같다.

동위 원소[편집]

핵종
기호
Z(p) N(n)  
동위 원소 질량 (u)
 
반감기 붕괴
방식[1][n 1]
붕괴
생성물[n 2]

스핀
전형적
동위 원소
구성비
(몰 분율)
자연적
구성비
변동 범위
(몰 분율)
들뜬 에너지
169Au 79 90 168.99808(32)# 150# µs 1/2+#
170Au 79 91 169.99612(22)# 310(50) µs
[286(+50-40) µs]
(2-)
170mAu 275(14) keV 630(60) µs
[0.62(+6-5) ms]
(9+)
171Au 79 92 170.991879(28) 30(5) µs p 170Pt (1/2+)
α (드묾) 167Ir
171mAu 250(16) keV 1.014(19) ms α (54%) 167Ir 11/2-
p (46%) 170Pt
172Au 79 93 171.99004(17)# 4.7(11) ms α (98%) 168Ir high
p (2%) 171Pt
173Au 79 94 172.986237(28) 25(1) ms α 169Ir (1/2+)
β+ (드묾) 173Pt
173mAu 214(23) keV 14.0(9) ms α (96%) 169Ir (11/2-)
β+ (4%) 173Pt
174Au 79 95 173.98476(11)# 139(3) ms α 170Ir low
β+ (드묾) 174Pt
174mAu 360(70)# keV 171(29) ms high
175Au 79 96 174.98127(5) 100# ms α (82%) 171Ir 1/2+#
β+ (18%) 175Pt
175mAu 200(30)# keV 156(3) ms α 171Ir 11/2-#
β+ 175Pt
176Au 79 97 175.98010(11)# 1.08(17) s
[0.84(+17-14) s]
α (60%) 172Ir (5-)
β+ (40%) 176Pt
176mAu 150(100)# keV 860(160) ms (7+)
177Au 79 98 176.976865(14) 1.462(32) s β+ (60%) 177Pt (1/2+,3/2+)
α (40%) 173Ir
177mAu 216(26) keV 1.180(12) s 11/2-
178Au 79 99 177.97603(6) 2.6(5) s β+ (60%) 178Pt
α (40%) 174Ir
179Au 79 100 178.973213(18) 7.1(3) s β+ (78%) 179Pt 5/2-#
α (22%) 175Ir
179mAu 99(16) keV (11/2-)
180Au 79 101 179.972521(23) 8.1(3) s β+ (98.2%) 180Pt
α (1.8%) 176Ir
181Au 79 102 180.970079(21) 13.7(14) s β+ (97.3%) 181Pt (3/2-)
α (2.7%) 177Ir
182Au 79 103 181.969618(22) 15.5(4) s β+ (99.87%) 182Pt (2+)
α (0.13%) 178Ir
183Au 79 104 182.967593(11) 42.8(10) s β+ (99.2%) 183Pt (5/2)-
α (0.8%) 179Ir
183m1Au 73.3(4) keV >1 µs (1/2)+
183m2Au 230.6(6) keV <1 µs (11/2)-
184Au 79 105 183.967452(24) 20.6(9) s β+ 184Pt 5+
184mAu 68.46(1) keV 47.6(14) s β+ (70%) 184Pt 2+
IT (30%) 184Au
α (0.013%) 180Ir
185Au 79 106 184.965789(28) 4.25(6) min β+ (99.74%) 185Pt 5/2-
α (0.26%) 181Ir
185mAu 100(100)# keV 6.8(3) min 1/2+#
186Au 79 107 185.965953(23) 10.7(5) min β+ (99.9992%) 186Pt 3-
α (8×10−4%) 182Ir
186mAu 227.77(7) keV 110(10) ns 2+
187Au 79 108 186.964568(27) 8.4(3) min β+ (99.997%) 187Pt 1/2+
α (0.003%) 183Ir
187mAu 120.51(16) keV 2.3(1) s IT 187Au 9/2-
188Au 79 109 187.965324(22) 8.84(6) min β+ 188Pt 1(-)
189Au 79 110 188.963948(22) 28.7(3) min β+ (99.9997%) 189Pt 1/2+
α (3×10−4%) 185Ir
189m1Au 247.23(16) keV 4.59(11) min β+ 189Pt 11/2-
IT (드묾) 189Au
189m2Au 325.11(16) keV 190(15) ns 9/2-
189m3Au 2554.7(12) keV 242(10) ns 31/2+
190Au 79 111 189.964700(17) 42.8(10) min β+ 190Pt 1-
α (10−6%) 186Ir
190mAu 200(150)# keV 125(20) ms IT 190Au 11-#
β+ (드묾) 190Pt
191Au 79 112 190.96370(4) 3.18(8) h β+ 191Pt 3/2+
191m1Au 266.2(5) keV 920(110) ms IT 191Au (11/2-)
191m2Au 2490(1) keV >400 ns
192Au 79 113 191.964813(17) 4.94(9) h β+ 192Pt 1-
192m1Au 135.41(25) keV 29 ms IT 192Au (5#)+
192m2Au 431.6(5) keV 160(20) ms (11-)
193Au 79 114 192.964150(11) 17.65(15) h β+ (100%) 193Pt 3/2+
α (10−5%) 189Ir
193m1Au 290.19(3) keV 3.9(3) s IT (99.97%) 193Au 11/2-
β+ (0.03%) 193Pt
193m2Au 2486.5(6) keV 150(50) ns (31/2+)
194Au 79 115 193.965365(11) 38.02(10) h β+ 194Pt 1-
194m1Au 107.4(5) keV 600(8) ms IT 194Au (5+)
194m2Au 475.8(6) keV 420(10) ms (11-)
195Au 79 116 194.9650346(14) 186.098(47) d ε 195Pt 3/2+
195mAu 318.58(4) keV 30.5(2) s IT 195Au 11/2-
196Au 79 117 195.966570(3) 6.1669(6) d β+ (93.05%) 196Pt 2-
β- (6.95%) 196Hg
196m1Au 84.660(20) keV 8.1(2) s IT 196Au 5+
196m2Au 595.66(4) keV 9.6(1) h 12-
197Au[n 3] 79 118 196.9665687(6) 관측상 안정[n 4] 3/2+ 1.0000
197mAu 409.15(8) keV 7.73(6) s IT 197Au 11/2-
198Au 79 119 197.9682423(6) 2.69517(21) d β- 198Hg 2-
198m1Au 312.2200(20) keV 124(4) ns 5+
198m2Au 811.7(15) keV 2.27(2) d IT 198Au (12-)
199Au 79 120 198.9687652(6) 3.139(7) d β- 199Hg 3/2+
199mAu 548.9368(21) keV 440(30) µs (11/2)-
200Au 79 121 199.97073(5) 48.4(3) min β- 200Hg 1(-)
200mAu 970(70) keV 18.7(5) h β- (82%) 200Hg 12-
IT (18%) 200Au
201Au 79 122 200.971657(3) 26(1) min β- 201Hg 3/2+
202Au 79 123 201.97381(18) 28.8(19) s β- 202Hg (1-)
203Au 79 124 202.975155(3) 53(2) s β- 203Hg 3/2+
204Au 79 125 203.97772(22)# 39.8(9) s β- 204Hg (2-)
205Au 79 126 204.97987(32)# 31(2) s β- 205Hg 3/2+

주석[편집]

  1. 약자:
    ε: 전자 포획
    IT: 이성질핵 전이
  2. 굵은 글꼴은 안정 동위 원소, 굵은 기울임꼴은 감기가 우주의 나이보다 긴 동위 원소(거의 안정적)
  3. 핵무기 제조에 이용될 가능성이 있는 핵종이다.
  4. 193Ir으로 붕괴할 것으로 추정된다.

같이 보기[편집]

  1. http://www.nucleonica.net/unc.aspx